Business corporations can and do violate human rights all over the world, and they are often not held to account. Emblematic cases and situations such as the state of the Niger Delta and the collapse of the Rana Plaza factory are examples of corporate human rights abuses which are not adequately prevented and remedied. Business and human rights as a field seeks to enhance the accountability of business – companies and businesspeople – in the human rights area, or, to phrase it differently, to bridge the accountability gap. Bridging the accountability gap is to be understood as both setting standards and holding corporations and businesspeople to account if violations occur.
Adopting a legal perspective, this book presents the ways in which this dual undertaking has been and could be further carried out in the future, and evaluates the extent to which the various initiatives in the field bridge the corporate accountability gap. It looks at the historical background of the field of business and human rights, and examines salient periods, events and cases. The book then goes on to explore the relevance of international human rights law and international criminal law for global business. International soft law and policy initiatives which have blossomed in recent years are evaluated along with private modes of regulation. The book also examines how domestic law, especially the domestic law of multinational companies’ home countries, can be used to prevent and redress corporate related human rights violations.
1. Introduction Part 1: Historical Highlights: Limited Corporate Accountability 2. The Atlantic Slave Trade: a "Business and Human Rights" Reading 3. International Labour Law: Early Development and Contemporary Significance for the Field of Business and Human Rights 4. Doing Business with the Nazis: the Criminal Prosecution of German Industrialists after the Second World War Part 2: International Law and Policy: Limitations and Progress 5. Business, International Human Rights Law and International Criminal Law: Shifting Boundaries 6. Human Rights and International Economic Law: Connecting the Dots 7. Expanding International Regulation in Business and Human Rights 8. Private Regulation in Business and Human Rights Part 3: Domestic Law and Policy: Embedding Human Rights in Business Practice 9. Shaping Law and Public Policies10. Business and Human Rights Litigation before Domestic Courts: Remaining Obstacles 11. Conclusion: The Future of Business and Human Rights
This series explores human right law's place within the international legal order, offering much-needed interdisciplinary and global perspectives on human rights' increasingly central role in the development and implementation of international law and policy.
Human Rights and International Law is committed to providing critical and contextual accounts of human rights' relationship with international law theory and practice. To achieve this, volumes in the series will focus on major debates in the field, looking at how human rights impacts on areas as diverse and divisive as security, terrorism, climate change, refugee law, migration, bioethics, natural resources and international trade.
Exploring the interaction, interrelationship and potential conflicts between human rights and other branches of international law, books in the series will address both historical development and contemporary contexts, before outlining the most urgent questions facing scholars and policy makers today.