100th Edition

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 100th Edition

ISBN 9781138367296
Published June 7, 2019 by CRC Press
1532 Pages - 1000 B/W Illustrations


USD $229.95

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Book Description

In a world with access to unlimited amounts of data, how can users who need to make critical scientific and technical decisions find high quality, reliable data? Today, more than ever, the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics remains a hallmark of quality. For over 100 years, the Handbook has provided property data on chemical compounds and all physical particles that have been reported in the literature, carefully reviewed by subject experts. Every year older collections are updated with the latest values and new areas will be added as science progresses.

Table of Contents

CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants: 2014
Standard Atomic Weights
Atomic Masses and Abundances
Electron Configuration and Ionization Energy of Neutral Atoms in the Ground State
International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)
International System of Units (SI)
Units for Magnetic Properties
Conversion Factors for Energy Units
Descriptive Terms for Solubility
Conversion Factors for Pressure Units
Conversion Factors for Thermal Conductivity Units
Conversion Factors for Electrical Resistivity Units
Values of the Gas Constant in Different Unit Systems
Symbols and Terminology for Physical and Chemical Quantities
Expression of Uncertainty of Measurements
Nomenclature for Chemical Compounds
Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry
Representation of Chemical Structures with the IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
Scientific Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols
Thermodynamic Functions and Relations
Nobel Laureates in Chemistry and Physics
Physical Constants of Organic Compounds
Diamagnetic Susceptibility of Selected Organic Compounds
The Elements
Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds
Physical Properties of the Rare-Earth Metals
Melting, Boiling, Triple, and Critical Points of the Elements
Heat Capacity of the Elements at 25 °C
Vapor Pressure of the Metallic Elements — Equations
Vapor Pressure of the Metallic Elements — Data
Density of Molten Elements and Representative Salts
Magnetic Susceptibility of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds
Index of Refraction of Inorganic Liquids
Physical and Optical Properties of Minerals
Crystallographic Data on Minerals
CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics
Standard Thermodynamic Properties of Chemical Substances
Thermodynamic Properties as a Function of Temperature
Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Ions
Heat of Combustion
Energy Content of Fuels
Chemical Reaction Rate Constants for Atmospheric Studies
Ionization Constant of Water
Ionization Constant of Normal and Heavy Water
Electrical Conductivity of Water
Electrical Conductivity of Aqueous Solutions
Standard KCl Solutions for Calibrating Conductivity Cells
Molar Conductivity of Aqueous HF, HCl, HBr, and HI
Equivalent Conductivity of Electrolytes in Aqueous Solution
Ionic Conductivity and Diffusion at Infinite Dilution
Electrochemical Series
Dissociation Constants of Inorganic Acids and Bases
Dissociation Constants of Organic Acids and Bases
Activity Coefficients of Acids, Bases, and Salts
Mean Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes as a Function of Concentration
Enthalpy of Dilution of Acids
Enthalpy of Solution of Electrolytes
pH Scale for Aqueous Solutions
Buffer Solutions Giving Round Values of pH at 25 °C
Concentrative Properties of Aqueous Solutions
Solubility of Selected Gases in Water
Solubility of Carbon Dioxide in Water at Various Temperatures and Pressures
Aqueous Solubility and Henry’s Law Constants of Organic Compounds
Aqueous Solubility of Inorganic Compounds at Various Temperatures
Octanol–Water Partition Coefficients
Solubility Product Constants of Inorganic Salts
Solubility of Common Salts at Ambient Temperatures
Solubility of Hydrocarbons in Seawater
Solubility of Organic Compounds in Pressurized Hot Water
Solubility Chart for Inorganic Salts
Thermophysical Properties of Water and Steam
Vapor Pressure and Other Saturation Properties of Water
Standard Density of Water
Fixed-Point Properties of H2O and D2O
Properties of Saturated Liquid D2O
Properties of Ice and Supercooled Water
Vapor Pressure of Ice
Melting Point of Ice as a Function of Pressure
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Water at Various Frequencies
Thermophysical Properties of Air
Thermophysical Properties of Fluids
Thermophysical Properties of Selected Fluids at Saturation
Virial Coefficients of Selected Gases
Mean Free Path and Related Properties of Gases
Influence of Pressure on Freezing Points
Critical Constants of Organic Compounds
Critical Constants of Inorganic Compounds
Sublimation Pressure of Solids
Vapor Pressure
Vapor Pressure of Fluids at Temperatures below 300 K
Vapor Pressure of Saturated Salt Solutions
Enthalpy of Vaporization
Enthalpy of Fusion
Compressibility and Expansion Coefficients of Liquids
Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Liquid Density
Properties of Cryogenic Fluids
Properties of Liquid Helium
Properties of Refrigerants
Properties of Gas Clathrate Hydrates
Ionic Liquids
Surface Tension of Common Liquids
Surface Tension of Aqueous Mixtures
Surface Active Chemicals (Surfactants)
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Liquids
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Gases
Azeotropic Data for Binary Mixtures
Viscosity of Gases
Viscosity of Liquids
Thermal Conductivity of Gases and Refrigerants
Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
Diffusion in Gases
Diffusion of Gases in Water
Diffusion Coefficients in Liquids at Infinite Dilution
Properties of Amino Acids
Structures of Common Amino Acids
Properties of Purine and Pyrimidine Bases
The Genetic Code
Properties of Fatty Acids and Their Methyl Esters
Composition and Properties of Common Oils and Fats
Carbohydrate Names and Symbols
Standard Transformed Gibbs Energies of Formation for Biochemical Reactants
Apparent Equilibrium Constants for Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions
Apparent Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Protein-Ligand Binding Reactions
Thermodynamic Quantities for the Ionization Reactions of Buffers in Water
Biological Buffers
Typical pH Values of Biological Materials and Foods
Properties and Functions of Common Drugs
Chemical Constituents of Human Blood
Chemical Composition of the Human Body
Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Analytical Chemistry
Basic Instrumental Techniques of Analytical Chemistry
Analytical Standardization and Calibration
Figures of Merit
Mass- and Volume-Based Concentration Units
Detection of Outliers in Measurements
Properties of Carrier Gases for Gas Chromatography
Common Symbols Used in Gas and Liquid Chromatographic Schematic Diagrams
Stationary Phases for Porous-Layer Open Tubular Columns
Coolants for Cryotrapping
Properties of Common Cross-Linked Silicone Stationary Phases
Detectors for Gas Chromatography
Varieties of Hyphenated Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry
Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices
Eluotropic Values of Solvents on Octadecylsilane and Octylsilane
Instability of HPLC Solvents
Detectors for Liquid Chromatography
Solvents for Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry
Correlation Table for Ultraviolet Active Functionalities
Middle-Range Infrared Absorption Correlation Charts
Common Spurious Infrared Absorption Bands
Nuclear Spins, Moments, and Other Data Related to NMR Spectroscopy
Properties of Important NMR Nuclei
Proton NMR Absorption of Major Chemical Families
Proton NMR Correlation Chart for Major Organic Functional Groups
Proton NMR Shifts of Common Organic Liquids
Proton Chemical Shifts of Contaminants in Deuterated Solvents
13C-NMR Absorptions of Major Functional Groups
13C-NMR Chemical Shifts of Common Organic Solvents
15N-NMR Chemical Shifts of Major Chemical Families
Natural Abundance of Important Isotopes
Common Mass Spectral Fragmentation Patterns of Organic Compound Families
Common Mass Spectral Fragments Lost
Major Reference Masses in the Spectrum of Heptacosafluorotributylamine (Perfluorotributylamine)
Mass Spectral Peaks of Common Organic Liquids
Common Spurious Signals Observed in Mass Spectrometers
Chlorine–Bromine Combination Isotope Intensities in Mass Spectral Patterns
Reduction of Weighings in Air to Vacuo
Standards for Laboratory Weights
Indicators for Acids and Bases
Preparation of Special Analytical Reagents
Organic Analytical Reagents for the Determination of Inorganic Ions
Bond Lengths in Crystalline Organic Compounds
Bond Lengths in Organometallic Compounds
Structure of Free Molecules in the Gas Phase
Characteristic Bond Lengths in Free Molecules
Atomic Radii of the Elements
Dipole Moments
Hindered Internal Rotation
Bond Dissociation Energies
Force Constants for Bond Stretching
Fundamental Vibrational Frequencies of Small Molecules
Spectroscopic Constants of Diatomic Molecules
Line Spectra of the Elements
Persistent Lines of the Neutral Atomic Elements
Atomic Transition Probabilities
Electron Affinities
Proton Affinities
Polarizabilities of Atoms and Molecules
Ionization Energies of Atoms and Atomic Ions
Ionization Energies of Gas-Phase Molecules
Attenuation Coefficients for High-Energy Electromagnetic Radiation
Classification of Electromagnetic Radiation
Sensitivity of the Human Eye to Light of Different Wavelengths
Blackbody Radiation
Characteristics of Infrared Detectors
Index of Refraction of Inorganic Crystals
Refractive Index and Transmittance of Representative Glasses
Index of Refraction of Water
Index of Refraction of Liquids for Calibration Purposes
Index of Refraction of Air
Index of Refraction of Gases
Summary Tables of Particle Properties
Table of the Isotopes
Neutron Scattering and Absorption Properties
Cosmic Radiation
Techniques for Materials Characterization
Symmetry of Crystals
Ionic Radii in Crystals
Polarizabilities of Atoms and Ions in Solids
Crystal Structures and Lattice Parameters of Allotropes of the Elements
Phase Transitions in the Solid Elements at Atmospheric Pressure
The Madelung Constant and Crystal Lattice Energy
Elastic Constants of Single Crystals
Electrical Resistivity of Pure Metals
Electrical Resistivity of Selected Alloys
Electrical Resistivity of Graphite Materials
Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Inorganic Solids
Curie Temperature of Selected Ferroelectric Crystals
Properties of Antiferroelectric Crystals
Dielectric Constants of Glasses
Properties of Superconductors
High-Temperature Superconductors
Organic Superconductors
Properties of Semiconductors
Selected Properties of Semiconductor Solid Solutions
Properties of Organic Semiconductors
Diffusion Data for Semiconductors
Properties of Magnetic Materials
Organic Magnets
Electron Inelastic Mean Free Paths
Electron Stopping Powers
Electron Work Function of the Elements
Secondary Electron Emission
Optical Properties of Selected Elements
Optical Properties of Selected Inorganic and Organic Solids
Properties of Selected Materials at Cryogenic Temperatures
Heat Capacity of Selected Solids
Thermal and Physical Properties of Pure Metals
Thermal Conductivity of Metals and Semiconductors as a Function of Temperature
Thermal Conductivity of Alloys as a Function of Temperature
Thermal Conductivity of Crystalline Dielectrics
Thermal Conductivity of Ceramics and Other Insulating Materials
Thermal Conductivity of Glasses
Thermoelectric Properties of Metals and Semiconductors
Fermi Energy and Related Properties of Metals
Abbreviations Used in Polymer Science and Technology
Physical Properties of Selected Polymers
Nomenclature for Organic Polymers
Solvents for Common Polymers
Glass Transition Temperature for Selected Polymers
Dielectric Constant of Selected Polymers
Pressure–Volume–Temperature Relationships for Polymer Melts
Vapor Pressures (Solvent Activities) for Binary Polymer Solutions
Solubility Parameters of Selected Polymers
Astronomical Constants
Properties of the Solar System
Satellites of the Planets
Interstellar Molecules
Mass, Dimensions, and Other Parameters of the Earth
Geological Time Scale
Acceleration Due to Gravity
Density, Pressure, and Gravity as a Function of Depth within the Earth
Ocean Pressure as a Function of Depth and Latitude
Properties of Seawater
Abundance of Elements in the Earth’s Crust and in the Sea
Solar Irradiance at the Earth
U.S. Standard Atmosphere (1976)
Geographical and Seasonal Variations in Solar Radiation
Major World Earthquakes
Infrared Absorption by the Earth’s Atmosphere
Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1959–2018
Global Temperature Trend, 1880–2018
Global Warming Potential of Greenhouse Gases
Speed of Sound in Various Media
Attenuation and Speed of Sound in Air as a Function of Humidity and Frequency
Speed of Sound in Dry Air
Standard ITS-90 Thermocouple Tables
Reference Points on the ITS-90 Temperature Scale
Relative Sensitivity of Bayard-Alpert Ionization Gauges to Various Gases
Laboratory Solvents and Other Liquid Reagents
Miscibility of Organic Solvents
Density of Solvents as a Function of Temperature
Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure
Ebullioscopic Constants for Calculation of Boiling Point Elevation
Cryoscopic Constants for Calculation of Freezing Point Depression
Freezing Point Lowering by Electrolytes in Aqueous Solution
Correction of Barometer Readings to 0 °C Temperature
Determination of Relative Humidity from Dew Point
Determination of Relative Humidity from Wet and Dry Bulb Temperatures
Constant Humidity Solutions
Standard Salt Solutions for Humidity Calibration
Low-Temperature Baths for Maintaining Constant Temperature
Metals and Alloys with Low-Melting Temperature
Characteristics of Particles and Particle Dispersoids
Density of Various Solids
Density of Sulfuric Acid
Density of Ethanol–Water Mixtures
Dielectric Strength of Insulating Materials
Coefficient of Friction
Abbreviations Used in the Assessment and Presentation of Laboratory Hazards
Incompatible Chemicals
Explosion (Shock) Hazards
Water-Reactive Chemicals
Testing Requirements for Peroxidizable Compounds
Tests for the Presence of Peroxides
Pyrophoric Compounds – Compounds That Are Reactive with Air
Flammability Hazards of Common Solvents
Selection of Laboratory Gloves
Selection of Protective Laboratory Garments
Selection of Respirator Cartridges and Filters
Materials Compatible with and Resistant to 72% Perchloric Acid
Protective Clothing Levels
Chemical Fume Hoods and Biological Safety Cabinets
Gas Cylinder Safety and Stamped Markings
Flammability of Chemical Substances
Nanomaterial Safety Guidelines
Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants
Laser Hazards in the Laboratory
General Characteristics of Ionizing Radiation for the Purpose of Practical Application of Radiation Protection
Radiation Safety Units
Relative Dose Ranges from Ionizing Radiation
Annual Limits on Intakes of Radionuclides
Chemical Carcinogens
Selection of Hearing Protection Devices

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Dr. John Rumble has long been a leader in developing and providing access to databases in numerous S&T disciplines. From 1980 through 2004, he worked in the NIST Standard Reference Data Program and later was responsible for NIST measurement services programs. From 2004 to 2011, He was Executive Vice President of Information International Associates in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Today he is President of R&R Data Services in Gaithersburg MD.

Rumble has served on numerous national and international STI policy committees and review panels and was a member of the Board on International Scientific Organizations of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Rumble was among the first to build online, PC, and Internet/web-based factual databases for scientific and technical (S&T) data. While at NIST, he sponsored data projects with scientists in China, Japan, England, France, Germany, and Russia. During that time, he also worked with many industry organizations and professional societies to develop industry-related data programs in materials science and chemistry, as well as standards for S&T data exchange.

Dr. Rumble has considerable experience in chemistry, physics, materials science, nanomaterials, and informatics and data science experience and has published widely in all these areas. Rumble received a Ph.D. in Chemical Physics from Indiana University.

In 1998-2002, Rumble served as President of CODATA, the ICSU Committee on Data for Science and Technology. Dr. Rumble is Fellow of IUPAC, AAAS, APS, ASTM International, ASM International, and IAFoST, as well as a Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Metrology. He was awarded the CODATA 2006 Prize for outstanding achievements in S&T data. He has served two terms as Editor-in-Chief of the CODATA Data Science Journal.

During the last five years, Dr. Rumble has led a multi-disciplinary effort to develop a uniform system for describing nanomaterials. This work has been done under the auspices of CODATA International and the International Council for Science. Rumble has put together a unique group of international union representatives from the diverse scientific and technical fields interested in nanotechnology, including chemistry, physics, materials science, food science and technology, nutrition science, toxicology, and more. In addition, he has reached out to more general audiences in these fields through international workshops, symposia at union conferences, and liaisons with U.S. and European Nanosafety projects. This work is available at www.codata.org/nanomaterials

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