Calcium and Magnesium in Groundwater: Occurrence and Significance for Human Health, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Calcium and Magnesium in Groundwater

Occurrence and Significance for Human Health, 1st Edition

Edited by Lidia Razowska-Jaworek

CRC Press

236 pages

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Calcium and magnesium are abundant in groundwater, but the role of groundwater as the essential source of these important nutrients is very often neglected. Hydrogeochemical studies have focused mainly on the distribution and behaviour of constituents that cause deterioration of water quality, such as: nitrate, nitrite or iron and manganese. Therefore, most recent books and papers concentrate mainly on these constituents and only a small number of papers describe the results of groundwater studies on other important water components such as calcium or magnesium. Calcium and magnesium are of great importance to human wellbeing and inadequate intake of either nutrient can impair health. The main objective of this book is to present a selection of studies on calcium and magnesium in groundwater and to highlight their importance for human health.

The chapters in this book are written by hydrogeologists and hydrochemists as well as medical doctors and include: methods of investigation of calcium and magnesium in groundwaters, distribution and behaviour of calcium and magnesium in different aquifers, calcium and magnesium in bottled mineral and spring waters, and the significance of calcium and magnesium in waters for human health.


"I strongly recommend this book for all those interested in Ca and Mg in drinking water. It is the first book of its kind presenting these important elements. I hope that it will be followed by a new book on more global aspects."

Dr Olle Selinus

Linneaus University Sweden, former Geological Survey of Sweden

Table of Contents



About the editor


Origin and occurrence of calcium and magnesium in groundwaters

1 Ca and Mg in loess pore moisture

A. Afelt

2 The solubility of different carbonate rocks in natural and anthropogenically influenced waters

P. Miessner & T.R. Rüde

3 Hydrogeochemical distribution of Ca and Mg in groundwater in Serbia

P. Papic, J. Milosavljevic, M. Cuk & R. Petrovic´

4 Study of Ca and Mg distribution within the aeration and saturation zones of the Upper Jurassic limestone massif of the southern part of the Cracow-Cz stochowa Upland (Poland)

J. Rózkowski & K. Rózkowski

5 Groundwater calcium and magnesium content in various lithological types of aquifers in Slovenia

K. Mezga & J. Urbanc

6 Ca and Mg in fractured and karstic aquifers of Slovenia

T. Verbovšek & T. Kanduc

7 Distribution of Ca and Mg in groundwater flow systems in carbonate aquifers in Southern Latium Region (Italy): Implications on drinking water quality

G. Sappa, S. Ergul & F. Ferranti

8 The major litho-structural units in selected areas of Northern Nigeria: Some statistics on the distribution of Ca and Mg are appended

H.U. Dibal & U.A. Lar

9 Effect of mine waters from coal mines of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin in the content of Ca and Mg in the catchment of the Upper Odra river

I. Pluta & A. Grmela


Significance of calcium and magnesium in groundwater for human health

10 Health and regulatory aspects of calcium and magnesium in drinking water

F. Kozisek

11 Mineral water as a source of healthy minerals

T. Wojtaszek & M. Pieniak

12 Mg and Ca in groundwater and the incidence of acute coronary syndrome: Application of a Bayesian spatial method in medical geology

A. Kousa, A.S. Havulinna, N. Puustinen & E. Moltchanova


Calcium and magnesium in mineral and therapeutic waters

13 Ca and Mg in bottled mineral and spring waters in Europe

L. Razowska-Jaworek

14 Ca and Mg in selected medicinal waters of Lower Silesia

B. Kiełczawa

15 Type and concentration of different compounds of Ca and Mg in natural waters used in therapeutic treatment or as food (bottled waters)

D. Sziwa, T. Latour & M. Drobnik

16 A survey of Ca and Mg in thermal springs of West Africa: Implications for drinking and bathing therapy

K. Nghargbu, K. Schoeneich, I. Ponikowska, T. Latour & S.A. Alagbe

Author index

Subject index

Series IAH-selected papers

About the Editor

Lidia Razowska-Jaworek is hydrogeologist and hydrochemist at the Upper Silesian Branch of the Polish Geological Institute-National Research Institute in Sosnowiec, Poland. She graduated from the University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland and the University of Keele, UK.

She received an award for her doctoral thesis: “Hydrogeochemical changes in the Czestochowa region caused by the flooding of the iron mines” from the International Mine Water Association in the category: Hydrochemistry. She is engaged in a wide range of hydrogeological studies including: regional hydrogeology, aquifer pollution and protection, hydrogeochemical modeling, CO2 storage in geological formations, acid mine waters and mineral waters and is also interested in medical geology. She is a regional editor of the Hydrogeological Map of Poland, author of 33 and co-author of 58 articles and co-author of 6 books and was an editor of the IAH SP volume “Nitrate in Groundwaters”.

She was a chairman of the seminar “Calcium and magnesium in groundwater – distribution and significance” in Katowice in 2012, and is author of 3 and co-author of 5 articles on the importance of water chemistry and pollution for human health.

About the Series

IAH - Selected Papers on Hydrogeology

The International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) serves scientists, engineers and other professionals working in the field of groundwater resource planning, management and protection. IAH has two book series which are produced under the imprint of CRC Press in the Netherlands, part of the Taylor and Francis Group. IAH books have the common purpose of spreading the science and knowledge of hydrogeology and are products arising from IAH’s congresses and meetings, its commissions and networks, as well as a variety of other sources. Information is gathered from highly respected sources and include case studies, regional descriptions, analyses of sub-disciplines and outputs from major international programmes.

Selected Papers
The first series is the Selected Papers, often referred to as the ‘green books’. These are collections of papers derived from Congress and other meetings which normally, but not always, were sponsored by IAH. They may also be a collection of papers derived from a programme of investigation that again need not necessarily have enjoyed direct IAH involvement.

International Contributions to Hydrogeology
The second series, International Contributions to Hydrogeology, the ‘blue books’, includes monographs on sub-disciplines of hydrogeology as well as outlets for major international investigatory programmes and collections of papers within a broad theme of international interest.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply