Campus Emergency Preparedness: Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Campus Emergency Preparedness

Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance, 1st Edition

By Maureen Connolly

CRC Press

254 pages | 13 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781466587571
pub: 2015-09-17
SAVE ~$17.39
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429254727
pub: 2015-09-17
from $43.48

FREE Standard Shipping!


An easily digestible guide, Campus Emergency Preparedness: Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance helps you develop and organize emergency operation plans. It incorporates the key components recommended by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the US Department of Education and outlines the roles and responsibilities of campus personnel before, during, and after an emergency. Events covered include chemical spills, toxic gas releases, terrorist attacks, active shooter events, pandemics, floods, hurricanes, tornados, fires, and other natural or man-made hazards.

The information in this book is extracted from FEMA and US Department of Education documents and training, as well as concepts and strategies from a cross-section of college and university emergency plans. These resources have been melded together to provide you with strategies for protecting, preventing, mitigating, responding, and recovering from threats and hazards that may occur at an institute of higher education.

The book aids you in creating emergency response plans that comply with standards set by the ICS and NIMS. Ultimately, these are all-hazards strategies that can be applied to all phases of campus emergency management with efficient coordination among all levels of campus administration.

Safety in higher education institution campuses is a critical issue today in the wake of several events in recent years. Campus Emergency Preparedness helps you work toward creating a campus environment that is as safe as possible for your students, faculty, and staff. It is a valuable source for anticipating and handling a broad range of emergencies.

Table of Contents

Is Your School Really Ready for Any Crisis?


Preparedness Triggers

Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Acts of Violence

Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Natural Evens

Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Enhance Cyber Security

Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Integrate Social Media into the Campus Emergency Plan


A Case for Including Retention Strategies in Your Campus PPMRR


Literature Review

Conceptual Framework





FEMA and DOE Guidelines


Public Information and Warning

Operational Coordination

Forensics and Attribution

Intelligence and Information Sharing

Interdiction and Disruption

Screening, Search, and Detection

Access Control and Identity Verification


Physical Protective Measures

Risk Management for Protection Programs and Activities

Supply Chain Integrity and Security

Community Resilience

Long-term Vulnerability Reduction

Risk and Disaster Resilience Assessment

Threats and Hazard Identification

Critical Transportation

Environmental Response/Health and Safety

Fatality Management Services

Infrastructure Systems

Mass Care Services

Mass Search and Rescue Operations

On-scene Security and Protection

Operational Communications

Public and Private Services and Resources

Public Health and Medical Services

Situational Assessment

Economic Recovery

Health and Social Services


Natural and Cultural Resources

FEMA and DOE Working Together

Summary and Discussion


Organizing an ICS/NIMS Compliant Team

Organization and Assignment of Duties

Functions of the Command Staff

Function of the Four Sections


Developing Campus PPMRR Strategies

Section 1: Basic Guidelines

Section 2: Functional Annex

Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex


Ongoing Management and Maintenance

Course Descriptions

Discussion Based and Operational Exercises

Exercise Design

Exercise Materials

Recommended HSEEP AAP Format


Creating a Campus-Based CERT

Organizing a CERT on Your Campus




How the Project Relates to Student Learning


Appendix A: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery


Section 1: Basic Guidelines

Clery Act

Threat and Hazard Analysis

Emergency Plan Activation and Notification Process

Organization and Assignment of Duties

Executive Policy Group

Director of Emergency Management

Public Information Officer (PIO)

Safety Officer (SO)

Liaison Officer (LO)

Operations Section

Public Safety Branch

Communications/Public Relations

Academic Affairs Branch

Student Affairs Branch

Health Services Branch

Food Services Branch

Housing Branch

Enrollment Services Branch

Planning Section

Situation Analysis Branch

Damage Assessment Branch

Recovery Branch

Logistics Section

Communications and Information Technology Branch

Facilities Branch

Supply/Procurement Branch

Transportation Branch

Finance and Administration Section

Business Management Branch

Human Resources Branch

Legal Branch

Section 2: Functional Annex


Communication Strategies

Evacuation Drills/Actual Events

Lock-Down Strategies

Shelter-in-Place Strategies

Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex

Active Shooter

Cyber Attack

Bomb Threat

Death on Campus of Student/Staff/Faculty

Displaced Students

Extreme Weather Emergency Strategies

Fire Strategies

Hate Crime Strategies

Hazardous Materials Release

Missing Person

Pandemic/Ebola or Other Public Health Emergency

Section 4: Training and Exercising

Training Schedule

Section 5: Campus Policies

Appendix B: Mutual Aid Agreements

Appendix C: Emergency Operations Center Setup Procedures

Activation of the EOC

EOC Setup

Sample Emergency Operations Center Floor Plan

Incident Documentation

Shift Changes

Deactivation and Demobilization of the EOC

Response Capability Performance Objectives

Appendix D: University Crisis Action Team Decompressed

Training Model

A Culture of Preparedness

Preparedness Foundation

Composition of the Team

Individual Training Requirements

Collective Training

Decompressed Training

Tools for Success

Assessment and Conclusion


About the Author

Maureen Connolly, EdD, has a cross-disciplinary background in higher education and emergency management. She is a seasoned emergency management researcher, writer, curriculum developer, college administrator, and faculty member. She is also an active member of the FEMA Disaster Field Training Operations cadre, a US Coast Guard Auxiliarist, and a frequent consultant to colleges and universities. Since 2008 Dr. Connolly has been working with colleges and universities in analyzing their emergency preparedness plans which she has renamed Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery Plans or PPMRR Strategies. After the strategies are developed exercises are created to test and analyze capabilities.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disasters & Disaster Relief