In this innovative and entirely original text, which has been thoughtfully edited to ensure coherence and readability across disciplines, scientists and practitioners from around the world provide evidence of the opportunities for, and the challenges of, developing collaborative approaches to bringing advanced and emerging technology to poor communities in developing countries in a responsible and sustainable manner. This volume will stimulate and satisfy readers seeking to engage in a rich and challenging discussion, integrating many strands of social thought and physical science. For those also seeking to creatively engage in the great challenges of our times for the benefit of struggling farmers, sick children, and people literally living in the dark around the world, may this volume also spark imagination, inspire commitment, and provoke collaborative problem solving.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Building Bridges: Solving Global Problems Through North-South Collaboration Rex Raimond and Mark Jacobs 1. Introduction: The Promise and Perils of High-Tech Approaches to Development Richard Appelbaum and Rachel Parker 2. Creating the Future: Materials, Innovation, and the Scientific Community Todd Osman 3. Rural Development, Technology, and "Policy Memory": Anthropological Reflections from Bangladesh on Technological Change David Lewis 4. Achieving Equitable Outcomes Through Emerging Technologies: A Social Empowerment Approach Guillermo Foladori 5. Emerging Technologies and Inequalities: Beyond the Technological Transition Susan Cozzens 6. The Progress of Nanotechnology in China Chen Wang and Huang Can 7. Food Security: From the Green Revolution to Nanotechnology Jennifer Rogers and Amy Zader 8. (Nano)Technology and Food Security: What Scientists Can Learn from Malian Farmers Scott Lacy 9. Innovations for Development; the African Challenge Moses Kizza Musaazi 10. Nanotechnology for Potable Water and General Consumption in Developing Countries Thembela Hillie and Mbhuti Hlophe 11. Solid State Lighting: A Market-Based Approach to Escaping the ‘Poverty Trap’ Dave Irvine-Halliday 12. Energy For Development: The Case of Bioenergy in Brazil Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz 13. Implications of Nanotechnology for Labor and Employment: Assessing Nanotechnology Products in Brazil Noela Invernizzi 14. Seeking the Non-Development within the Developmental: Mobile Phones in the Globalized Migration Context Arul Chib and Rajiv G. Aricat 15. Responsible Innovation, Global Governance, and Emerging Technologies Andrew Maynard, Antje Grobe and Ortwin Renn 16. Risk Perception, Public Participation, and Sustainable Global Development of Nanotechnologies Barbara Herr Harthorn, Christine Shearer and Jennifer Rogers 17. Epilogue: Global Governance of Emerging Technologies: From Science Networking to Coordinated Oversight Mike Roco
Rachel A. Parker is a Research Staff Member at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute. She received her PhD in Sociology from the University of California, Santa Barbara where she worked with Richard Appelbaum at the NSF-funded Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Center for Nanotechnology in Society; her research focuses on issues relating to emerging technologies and globalization.
Richard P. Appelbaum is MacArthur Chair in Global & International Studies and Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is co-PI at the NSF-funded Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Center for Nanotechnology in Society, where he directs the interdisciplinary research group on globalization and nanotechnology.
"Emerging Technologies poses a set of vital critical questions about engineering and science as avenues to global health and development. In exploring the complex institutional origins, understudied risks, and mixed impacts of technologies ranging from solid-state lighting to nano-scale pesticides, from mobile phones to biofuels, the authors empower clarity and change for technical, policy, and general readers alike."
—Amy E. Slaton, History and Politics, Drexel University
"Parker and Appelbaum have assembled a superb array of insightful papers regarding technology development and deployment in the world's emerging and lesser emerging economies. For students and scholars, the various chapters provide a strong sense of the ingredients that define the leaders and laggards in capturing the benefits of new technology in the pursuit of more rapid and sustained development objectives."
—Denis Fred Simon, International Studies, University of Oregon