The value of the canine nose is well-documented, and working dogs are being utilized for their olfactory skills in an increasing number of fields. Not only are dogs used by police, security, and the military, but they are also now used in forensic science, in medical detection of disease, in calculating population trends of endangered species and eradicating invasive species in protected environments, and in identifying infestations and chemical contaminants.
Edited and contributed to by eminent scholars, Canine Olfaction Science and Law: Advances in Forensic Science, Medicine, Conservation, and Environmental Remediation takes a systematic scientific approach to canine olfaction. It includes work from scientists working in pure and applied disciplines, trainers and handlers who have trained and deployed detection dogs, and lawyers who have evaluated evidence produced with the aid of detection and scent identification dogs.
The book is divided into six sections covering
- The anatomy, genetics, neurology, and evolution of canine olfaction as well as diseases affecting it
- The chemistry and aerodynamics of odors
- Behavior, learning, and training
- Uses of canine olfaction in forensics and law
- Uses in conservation and remediation
- Uses in detection of diseases and medical conditions
The various contributors describe cutting edge research, some conclusions of which are the subject of vigorous debates between various laboratories and researchers. The editors have added cross-references so that readers can consider the different perspectives that are currently being advanced and understand where consensus is being built and where more research needs to be done.
A useful practical reference, Canine Olfaction Science and Law provides a wealth of information beneficial to a wide range of disciplines. It aids trainers and handlers of detection dogs as well as various professionals in healthcare, law enforcement, forensic science, and environmental conservation to gain a better understanding of the remarkable power of the canine nose while encouraging further advances in applications.
ANATOMY, GENETICS, NEUROLOGY, DISEASE, AND EVOLUTION. The Anatomy of the Canine Nose. Wiring of the Olfactory System and the Functional Role of Neurons and Glia during Lifelong Turnover. Olfaction and the Canine Brain. Genetics of Canine Olfaction. Effects of Disease on Canine Olfaction. Olfaction in Wild Canids and Russian Canid Hybrids. CHEMISTRY AND AERODYNAMICS OF ODORS. The Development of Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry and Its Uses in Odor Analysis. Aerodynamics of Odor Plumes and Odor Plume Structures in Different Habitats. The Practical and Legal Significance of the Chemical Analysis of Odor in Relation to Canine Forensic and Judicial Evidence. BEHAVIOR, LEARNING, AND TRAINING. Canine Olfactory Learning and Behavior. Training Considerations in Wildlife Detection. Training Fundamentals and the Selection of Dogs and Personnel for Detection Work. Training a Statistically Superior Scent Discrimination Canine: Where Trainer Wisdom Meets Scientific Validation. Statistically Reliability Confounders and Improvement in Advanced Dog Training: Patterns, Routines, Targets, Alerts, Distractors, Reinforcement, and Other Issues. USES IN FORENSICS AND LAW. Canine Drug-Detection Evidence: Admissibility, Canine Qualifications, and Investigative Practices. Cadaver Detection in Forensic Anthropology and Criminology: An Overview with Personal Notes. Detection of Cocaine on Currency. Narcotic and Explosive Odors: Volatile Organic Compounds as Training Aids for Olfactory Detection. Scent Lineups: Variables in Procedures and Statistical Verification. How US Courts Deal with the "Black Box" of Canine Scent Identification. USES IN CONSERVATION AND REMEDIATION. Trained Dogs in Insect Detection. Detection Dogs in Strategies for Eradicating Pest Species from Natural Environments. Canine Biodetection in Conservation, Eradication, and Border Protection: A Regulatory Perspective. USES IN DETECTION OF DISEASES AND MEDICAL CONDITIONS. Detection of Human Cancer by Dogs. Medical Alerting to Seizures, Glycemic Changes, and Migraines: Significance of Untrained Behaviors in Service Dogs.