Carbohydrates, or sugars, form an extensive class of natural organic compounds that constitute the major fraction of the organic substance on our planet. Carbohydrates are found in many fields of research, from fundamental study of living, objects and problems of organic chemistry to applied fields such as food industry, the industry of artificial materials or production of explosives. This book is addressed to researchers interested in carbohydrate studies and to professionals whose field is far from the subject but who need information on carbohydrates. Its focus is on some fundamental aspects of the structure of carbohydrate molecules and the most important approaches to their synthesis. The subject is considered from the organo-chemical point of view, i.e. it is presented in terms of molecular structures and conformations.
Preface STRUCTURES Introduction The structure of monosaccharides Planar representation of carbohydrate molecules Mutarotation The structure of glycosides The structure of oligosaccharides The structure of polysaccharides Microheterogenity Glycoconjugates STRUCTURE DETERMINATION General Monomeric analysis Determination of monosaccharide structures Determination of polysaccharide structures SYNTHESES General Syntheses of monosaccharides Formation of O-glycosidic bonds Syntheses of oligosaccharides Syntheses of polysaccharides APPLICATIONS General Energy food Supporting functions Surface labeling Molecular biology of polysaccharides Appendix Carbohydrate literature