For chemists and engineers in ecology, food science, pollution control, and related fields. Details the procedures available for monitoring and controlling carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen pollutants in such industries as waste water treatment, energy, transportation, pharmaceuticals, and mining. Outlin
Table of Contents
Preface -- Part I INTRODUCTION -- 1. Pollutants in the Environment: Past and Present -- Pre-Industrial Revolution Sanitation -- The Industrial Revolution: Cholera and Killer Smogs Dealing with the Problems -- Beyond Smog and Eutrophication -- Concluding Remarks -- 2. The Biosphere and Biogeochemical Cycles -- The Carbon Cycle -- The Nitrogen Cycle -- The Sulfur Cycle -- Conclusion -- Part II THE CHEMISTRY OF CARBON, NITROGEN, AND SULFUR AS POLLUTANTS -- 3. Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur Chemistry -- The Electron Configuration of the Elements -- Chemical Bonding -- Carbon Chemistry -- Nitrogen Chemistry -- Sulfur Chemistry -- The Biochemistry of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur -- 4. Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur in Water Pollution -- Definition of Water Pollution -- Water Pollutants and Their Entry Paths -- Water Pollution Criteria -- Water as a Repository for Pollutants -- Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur Water Pollutants -- Sewage Treatment -- 5. Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur in Air Pollution -- The Temperature and Density of the Atmosphere and Air Movement -- Atmospheric Chemistry, Excited Oxygen Atoms, and Free Radicals -- The Chemistry of Air Pollution -- Part III THE ANALYSIS OF CARBON, NITROGEN, AND SULFUR IN THE ENVIRONMENT -- 6. The Use of Analytical Methods -- Selection of Analytical Methods -- Sampling for Chemical Analysis -- Statistics of Sampling -- Analysis Error -- 7. Physical Methods -- Spectroscopy -- Turbidimetry and Nephelometry -- Luminescence and Fluorescence -- Mass Spectrometry -- 8. Electrochemical Methods -- Introduction -- Potentiometry -- Conductometry -- Kinetic Methods -- Specificity and Sensitivity of Electrochemical Methods -- 9.Chromatography -- Principles -- Gas Chromatography -- Liquid Chromatography -- Thin Layer Chromatography -- Environmental Applications of Chromatography -- 10. Chemical Methods -- Introduction -- Gravimetric Analysis -- Volumetric Analysis -- Gas Detection Tubes -- Combustion Methods -- Low Temperature Chemical Oxidation Methods -- Continuous Flow Analyzers -- 11. Bioanalytical Methods -- Introduction -- Enzymology and Enzyme Analysis -- Immunochemistry and Immunochemical Analysis -- Part IV COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT -- 12. Some Comments on Commercial Equipment -- Bibliography -- Index.
Jerome Greyson is the owner of J&JG Associates, a consulting firm for research and development program management in the chemical and biotechnological industries, Conifer, Colorado, and an Adjunct Faculty Member, Metropolitan State College, Denver, Colorado. The author or coauthor of numerous publications, Dr.Greyson holds three U.S patents and is a member of the American Chemical Society, Research Society of America, and Chemical Consultants of Colorado. He received the B.A. degree (1950) in chemistry from Hunter College, New York, New York and Ph.D. degree (1956) in physical chemistry from Pennsylvania State University, University Park.