This book introduces recent advances in understanding the crystal structure of carbonate hydroxylapatite (also known as bone mineral), which forms the hard tissue of bones and teeth. Bone mineral is the reservoir for carbon dioxide in the body and maintains the concentration of mineral ions in body fluids at homeostasis. The detailed structure of b
Introduction. Apatite-type Structure. Crystal Chemistry and Geochemistry. Synthesis of Carbonate Apatites. X-ray Structures. Chemical Spectroscopy. Carbonate Apatite Crystal Chemistry. Biological Apatites. Appendix I: Minerals within the Apatite Supergroup. Appendix II: Compositions of Some Apatites. Appendix III: Crystal Structure Data for Synthetic Carbonate Apatites (CHAP, CFAP). References Cited. Index.