'This is a strategy for a kind of development that provides real improvements in the quality of human life and at the same time conserves the vitality and diversity of the Earth. The goal is development that will be sustainable. Today it may seem visionary. but it is attainable. To more and more people it also appears our only rational option.' – from Chapter 1 in 1980, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Wide Fund for Nature, the world's three most powerful organizations dedicated to preventing environmental catastrophe, published the World Conservation Strategy.
It stressed the interdependence of conservation and development, it gave currency to the idea of sustainable development and it made the point that unless the vitality and productivity of the planet are safeguarded, the future for humanity is at risk. Its impact was immediate and worldwide.
Now, ten years later, the same three organizations have formulated a new strategy for the 19905. Caring for the Earth builds on all that has been learned in the last decade about the complexity of the problems and shows how radical and far-reaching are the actions and objectives needed to meet them. Nothing less than a new ethic is required, based on affirming the community of life and cherishing its diversity – an ethic which has to be reflected in our personal attitudes and the organization of our communities as much as in wider policies. Public participation is essential for the success of the strategy, which is addressed to individuals and citizens' groups as well as to governments - whatever their systems. Adopting it will not be easy, but it does provide the agenda for immediate action. Originally published in 1991
Table of Contents
Foreword User's guide to Caring for the Earth PART I Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 PART II Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Principles for Sustainable Living Building a sustainable society Respecting and caring for the community of life Improving the quality of human life Conserving the Earth's vi~alityand diversity Keeping within the Earth's carrying capacity Changing, personal attitudes and practices Enabling communities to care for their own environments Providing a national framework for integrating development and conservation Creating a global alliance Additional Actions for Sustainable Living Energy Business, industry and commerce Human settlements Farm' and range lands Forest lands Fresh waters Chapter 16 PART ill Chapter 17 Annex 1 Annex 2 Annex 3 Annex 4 Annex 5 Annex 6 Annex 7 Annex 8 Oceans and coastal areas Implementation and Follow-up Implementing the Strategy Net primary production pre-empted or destroyed by human activities Classification of 160 countries by income Average life expectancy at birth in 160 countries Categories and management objectives of protected areas Classification of countries by consumption of commercial energy per person and total fertility rate Indicators of sustainability Estimated cost of implementing major aspects'of this Strategy Strategies for sustainability Glossary Notes and sources Acknowledgements