The first source to collect the latest evidence linking carotenoids to human health and disease, this stimulating reference studies the role of carotenoids in the prevention of chronic disease and reviews breakthrough studies from more than 40 field authorities on the latest research. The book reveals the most recent findings regarding the use of carotenoids in the prevention of cancers and sunburn, as well as eye, heart, vascular, and photosensitivity diseases, and evaluates the potential toxic effects of high-dose carotenoids in both smokers and drinkers. It also focuses on pioneering observations from observational epidemiological and clinical studies, as well as intervention trials on carotenoids.
Basic Carotenoid Chemistry. Carotenoids and Radicals: Interactions with other Nutrients. Noninvasive Assessment of Carotenoids in the Human eye and Skin. Methodology for Assessment of Carotenoid Levels in Blood and Plasma Fractions. Carotenoid Antioxidant Activity. Evidence for Por-Oxidant Effects of Carotenoids in vitro and in vivo: Implications in Health and Disease. Carotenoid Orientation: Role in Membrane Stabilization. The Anticancer Activity of Carotenoids from Human Studies to Cellular Processes and Gene Regulation. Induction of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes by Carotenoids. The Impact Processing on Content and Bioavailability of Carotenoids. Transport, Uptake and Target Tissue Storage of Carotenoids. Bioequivalence of Provitamin A. Carotenoids. Bioconversion of Provitamin A Carotenoids. Carotenoid Oxidative/Degradative Products and their Biological Activity. The Conversion of Carotenoids to Vitamin A. Enzymatic vs. Chemical Cleavage of Carotenoids. Relationship of Carotenoids to Cancer. The Role of Lycopene in Carcinogenesis. Carotenoids and Eye Disease. Mechanistic Evidence for Eye Diseases and Carotenoids. Heart and Vascular Diseases. Carotenoids in Systemic Protection Against Sunburn. Carotenoids and Immune Responses. Therapeutic Uses of Carotenoids in Skin Photosensitivity Diseases. Potential Toxic Effects in Smokers/Drinkers.