Suitable as a reference for industry practitioners and as a textbook for classroom use, Case Studies in System of Systems, Enterprise Systems, and Complex Systems Engineering provides a clear understanding of the principles and practice of system of systems engineering (SoSE), enterprise systems engineering (ESE), and complex systems engineering (CSE).
Multiple domain practitioners present and analyze case studies from a range of applications that demonstrate underlying principles and best practices of transdisciplinary systems engineering. A number of the case studies focus on addressing real human needs. Diverse approaches such as use of soft systems skills are illustrated, and other helpful techniques are also provided. The case studies describe, examine, analyze, and assess applications across a range of domains, including:
- Engineering management and systems engineering education
- Information technology business transformation and infrastructure engineering
- Cooperative framework for and cost management in the construction industry
- Supply chain modeling and decision analysis in distribution centers and logistics
- International development assistance in a foreign culture of education
- Value analysis in generating electrical energy through wind power
- Systemic risk and reliability assessment in banking
- Assessing emergencies and reducing errors in hospitals and health care systems
- Information fusion and operational resilience in disaster response systems
- Strategy and investment for capability developments in defense acquisition
- Layered, flexible, and decentralized enterprise architectures in military systems
- Enterprise transformation of the air traffic management and transport network
Supplying you with a better understanding of SoSE, ESE, and CSE concepts and principles, the book highlights best practices and lessons learned as benchmarks that are applicable to other cases. If adopted correctly, the approaches outlined can facilitate significant progress in human affairs.
The study of complex systems is still in its infancy, and it is likely to evolve for decades to come. While this book does not provide all the answers, it does establish a platform, through which analysis and knowledge application can take place and conclusions can be made in order to educate the next generation of systems engineers.
Table of Contents
Relevant Aspects of Complex Systems from Complexity Theory; Vernon Ireland, Brian E. White, S. Jimmy Gandhi, Brian J. Sauser, and Alex Gorod
Application of Case Studies to Engineering Leadership/Management and Systems Engineering Education; Brian E. White, Brian J. Sauser, Alex Gorod, S. Jimmy Gandhi, and Vernon Ireland
IBS Group, Eastern European IT Services: Capability-Based Development for Business Transformation; Mikhail Belov
Global Distribution Centers: Multilevel Supply Chain Modeling to Govern Complexity; Gerrit Muller and Roelof Hamberg
Humanitarian Relief Logistics: Multicriteria Decision Analysis and Simulation for Supply Chain Risk Management; Tina Comes, Frank Schätter, and Frank Schultmann
Construction of an Afghanistan School: Enterprise System Engineering for International Development Assistance in a Foreign Culture; Rob Mitchell
Utility-Scale Wind Plant System: Value Analysis of Interactions, Dependencies, and Synergies; Lawrence D. Willey
United States Banking System: Systemic Risk and Reliability Assessment; Khaldoun Khashanah
Whole-of-Nation Health Capabilities: A System of Systems Methodology for Assessing Serious and Unusual Emergencies; R.J. Hodge and S.C. Cook
Hospitals and Health-Care Systems: Methods for Reducing Errors in Medical Systems; Bustamante Brathwaite, Eranga Gamage, Shawn Hall, Karunya Rajagopalan, Mariusz Tybinski, and Danny Kopec
Disaster Response System of System Case Study Outline; Eusebio Bernabeu, Jose Luís Tercero, and Maite Irigoyen
Improvised Explosive Devices in Asymmetric Conflicts: Multisource Data; Fusion for Providing Situational Information; Jürgo-Sören Preden, Leo Motus, James Llinas, Raido Pahtma, Raul Savimaa, Merik Meriste, and Sergei Astapov
Dutch Emergency Response Organization: Safety Region—Quantitative Approach to Operational Resilience; J.M.P. Van Trijp and M. Ulieru
Complex Adaptive Operating System: Creating Methods for Complex Project Management; John Findlay and Abby Straus
Australian National Security and the Australian Department of Defence: Framework to Enhance Strategic Planning and Capability Development in Defense Acquisition Organizations; R.J. Hodge and S.C. Cook
United States Military Partner Capacity: System Dynamics to Quantify Strategic Investments; John V. Farr, James R. Enos, and Daniel J. McCarthy
US Air Force Network Infrastructure System-of-Systems Engineering Approach for IT Infrastructure; Jeffrey Higginson, Tim Rudolph, and Jon Salwen
US Navy Submarine Sonar Systems: Layered Lateral Enterprise–Technical System Architectures for Defense Acquisition; John Q. Dickmann
United States Air Power Command and Control: Enterprise Architecture for Flexibility and Decentralized Control; Michael W. Kometer and John Q. Dickmann
NextGen: Enterprise Transformation of the United States Air Transport Network; Hamid R. Darabi and Mo Mansouri
Airbus A380 and Boeing 787: Contrast of Competing Architectures for Air Transportation; Michael J. Vinarcik
US Air Traffic System: Autonomous Agent-Based Flight for Removing Central Control; Sergio Torres
Heathrow Terminal 5: Cost Management for a Mega Construction Project; Claire Cizaire and Ricardo Valerdi
US Airways Flight 1549: Root Cause Analysis for the Miracle on the Hudson; Karunya Rajagopalan and Danny Kopec
Dr. Alex Gorod is a Professor at the University of Adelaide and an Adjunct Associate Professor at Zicklin School of Business, City University of New York. Alex is teaching courses in the areas of complex project management, leadership, systems engineering, engineering management, systems thinking, and operations management. He is a recipient of multiple awards, including the Fabrycky-Blanchard Award for Excellence in Systems Engineering Research and Robert Crooks Stanley Fellowship in Engineering Management. Alex’s primary research focus is on management of complex adaptive systems. He is an author of multiple publications, including numerous scientific articles, book chapters, and patents. In addition, Alex co-edited a book, titled "Case Studies in System of Systems, Enterprise Systems, and Complex Systems Engineering." His research appeared in such journals as International Journal of Project Management, IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE Systems Journal, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Transportation Research Record, Supply Chain Management: an International Journal, and Systems Research and Behavioral Science, among others. Alex holds a PhD in Engineering Management from Stevens Institute of Technology and actively participates in multiple professional organizations, including INCOSE, IEEE, ASEE, SDS, ERS, and others. He currently serves as an Associate Editor of Entrepreneurship Research Journal. Alex is also the founder and managing member at SystemicNet, LLC, managing partner at Social Media Risk, LLC, and a partner at Mountava, LLC.
Brian E. White received his PhD and MS in computer sciences from the University of Wisconsin and his SM and SB in electrical engineering from M.I.T. He served in the US Air Force, and for eight years was at M.I.T. Lincoln Laboratory. For five years, Dr. White was a principal engineering manager at Signatron, Inc. In his 28 years at The MITRE Corporation, he held a variety of senior professional staff and project/resource management positions. He was director of MITRE’s Systems Engineering Process Office, 2003–2009. Dr. White retired from MITRE in July 2010 and currently offers a consulting service, CAU⇓SES ("Complexity Are Us" ⇓ Systems Engineering Strategies—website: www.cau-ses.net).
Professor Vernon Ireland, BE, BA, MEngSc, PhD, FieAust, CPEng, EngExec, is director of project management for the University of Adelaide, offering master’s degrees in traditional and complex project management. Previously, he has been corporate development director of Fletcher Challenge Construction, responsible for people and business systems improvement, in the United States, New Zealand, Australia, Pacific, and Asian businesses of the $2 billion parent company. In academia, he was the foundation dean of design, architecture, and building at the University of Technology, Sydney.
Professor Ireland has been awarded the Engineer’s Australia Medal (2008), the Rotary International Gold Medal for contributions to vocational education (2006), and the Magnolia Silver Medal from the Shanghai Government (2000) for contributions to Chinese overseas relations. He has spent almost equal time in academia and industry interspersing these roles. Professor Ireland was chairman of the Building Services Corporation, the licensing authority in New South Wales, reporting to the Minister for Housing. He supervises 9 PhD students, 5 on linear projects and 4 on complex projects.
S. Jimmy Gandhi holds a BS in engineering management from Illinois Institute of Technology, an MS from California State University, Northridge, and a PhD from Stevens Institute of Technology in Engineering Management, with a focus on risk management. His specific research interests are in the field of risk management of extended enterprises and also in the field of risk management education in the engineering domain. He is currently with California State University-Northridge and has coauthored and been the editor for several books on entrepreneurship as well as a coeditor for the Engineering Management Handbook published by the American Society for Engineering Management. He is also a member of and actively participates in several professional organizations such as the American Society of Engineering Management and the American Society of Engineering Education.
Brian Sauser is an associate professor in the Department of Marketing and Logistics at the University of North Texas (UNT). He currently serves as the director of the Complex Logistics and Behavioral Research Laboratory and as associate director of research for the Center of Logistics Education and Research. Before joining UNT, he held positions as an assistant professor with the School of Systems and Enterprises at Stevens Institute of Technology; project specialist with ASRC Aerospace at NASA Kennedy Space Center; program administrator with the New Jersey—NASA Specialized Center of Research and Training at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; and laboratory director with G.B. Tech Engineering at NASA Johnson Space Center.
He teaches or has taught courses in project management of complex systems, designing and managing the development enterprise, logistics and business analytics, theory of logistics systems, systems thinking, and systems engineering and management. In addition, he is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration Faculty Fellow, IEEE Senior Member, associate editor of the IEEE Systems Journal, and associate editor of the Guide to Systems Engineering Knowledge (a collaboration of the International Council on Systems Engineering [INCOSE], the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society [IEEE-CS], and the Systems Engineering Research Center [SERC]).
Dr. Sauser holds a BS in agricultural development with an emphasis on horticulture technology from Texas A&M University; an MS in bioresource engineering from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey; and a PhD in project management from Stevens Institute of Technology.
Since ancient times, when society has needed to communicate complex yet critical concepts, people have turned to the art of storytelling, and this book follows in that tradition. Storytelling through case studies has the potential to explicate the complex systems development process in ways that traditional analyses cannot. I hope you find in these engaging stories insights that will inform and inspire you as, together, we work to ensure our systems engineering community can continue to serve generations to come.
—Jeff Wilcox, Vice President of Engineering, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Bethesda, Maryland