Chamomile: Medicinal, Biochemical, and Agricultural Aspects, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover


Medicinal, Biochemical, and Agricultural Aspects, 1st Edition

By Moumita Das

CRC Press

316 pages | 32 B/W Illus.

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In use as a medicinal plant since time immemorial in Europe and the Middle East, chamomile is gaining popularity in the Americas, Australia, and Asia. The spectrum of disease conditions in which it is used in traditional medicine systems is, quite simply, mind boggling. There is, without a doubt, a growing demand for this plant and therefore a growing need for an updated ready reference for the researchers, cultivators, and entrepreneurs who wish to work with chamomile. Chamomile: Medicinal, Biochemical, and Agricultural Aspects is just that.

Based on extensive research, this book provides the latest information on the medicinal, aromatic, and cultivation aspects of chamomile. It covers chamomile’s geographical distribution, taxonomy, chemistry, pharmacology, genetics, biochemistry, breeding, and cultivation. The book also discusses the profiles of the several medicinally active compounds of the oil and extracts and how their levels could be increased through breeding.

The author highlights several potentially useful compounds discovered in the chamomile oil and extracts and discusses the cultivation and postharvest technology aspects of the plant in different agroclimatic zones including that of India. She presents guidelines on the good manufacturing practices laid out in different systems of medicine and provides an overview of the patents and products of chamomile especially important to researchers and entrepreneurs.

Although there is a plethora of information available on chamomile, the challenge has been finding a central repository that covers all aspects of the plant. Some books provide general coverage, others focus on only on pharmacological uses, and many are outdated. This book examines all aspects from cultivation and harvesting, to essential oil content and profile as well as pharmacology and biotechnology. It is a reference for current information, an entry point for further study, a resource for using oils and extracts in product development, and a guide for following best agronomic practices.


"Readers can easily access information relevant to their specific needs through the detailed table of contents. Researchers will appreciate the extensive description of chamomile's chemical properties, while cultivators and entrepreneurs will value the overview of the breeding and cultivation of the plant in diverse parts of the world. Overall, the book provides a comprehensive review of the available research regarding the many aspects of the history, chemical properties, and good manufacturing practices of chamomile."

—Patricia Buderwitz, Doctor of Pharmacy Candidate, University of Rhode Island, Kingston

—Anne L. Hume, PharmD, FCCP, BCPS, Professor of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston

—From HerbalGram, February – April 2015

Table of Contents

Introduction to Chamomile


Chamomile as food

Chamomile as a cosmetic ingredient

Other uses of Chamomile

Medicinal uses of Chamomile

Chamomile: Botany


Common names


Botanical Classification and Nomenclature of Chamomile

Anatomical characteristics of chamomile

Reproductive biology

Cytology and ploidy effects



Descriptors of chamomile

Chamomile: Medicinal Properties


Chamomile reduces inflammation

Chamomile is an antioxidant

Antinociceptive effect of chamomile

Chamomile and wound healing

Chamomile as an immunomodulator

Antimutagenic effect of chamomile

Anticancer effect of chamomile

Chamomile for treating insomnia

Chamomile for relieving stress

Neuroprotective effect of chamomile

Effect of chamomile on morphine withdrawal syndrome

Anxiolytic effect of chamomile

Chamomile as psychostimulant and its effect on Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Effect of chamomile on some dermatological problems

Phytoestrogenic effect of chamomile

Chamomile and cardiovascular disease

Chamomile and oral health

Treatment of colicky infants by chamomile

Spasmolytic effect of chamomile

3.21Hepatoprotective effect of chamomile

Nephroprotective effect of chamomile

Antileishmania effect of chamomile

Antibiotic effect of chamomile

Chamomile against anisakasis

Anticulex effect of chamomile

Chamomile and pregnancy

Chamomile and pest management

Chamomile use in poultry and animal husbandry

Chamomile as veterinary medicine

Toxicity and allergenicity of chamomile compounds

Pharmacokinetic studies and in vivo skin penetrations of chamomile compounds

Chamomile oil and extract: Localization chemical composition, extraction and identification


Localization and content of the chamomile essential oil

Discovery of the compounds in the essential oil

Chemical composition of essential oil of flowers

Physical properties of the flower essential oil

Chemical composition of essential oil of herb (stem and leaves)

Chemical composition of essential oil of roots

Comparative account of the essential oils of the various parts of chamomile plant

Chemical composition of chamomile flower extract

Extraction methods

Identification methods of components

Genetics and Breeding of Chamomile


Variability in chamomile population



A comparative account of tetraploid and diploid varieties of chamomile


Micropropagation of chamomile

Cultivation of Chamomile


Habitat and climatic conditions

Soil conditions






Herbicide resistance

Pest control



Post-harvest treatment

Fitness for rotation with other crops

Hydroponic culture

Chamomile: Patents and Products

Chamomile patents

Chamomile products

About the Author

Dr. Moumita Das is presently Assistant Director in the National Centre for Innovation in Distance Education at the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). Earlier she was the Assistant Director at the National Centre for Innovation in Distance Education (NCIDE), IGNOU. She did her graduation and post-graduation from the University of Delhi. For her PhD, she did research at the Central Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Lucknow. She was a research fellow at the Institute for Genomics and Integrative Biology, where she worked in the field of drug discovery. Dr. Das has published many papers in journals of national and international repute. Her areas of interest include medicinal plants and sustainable development.

About the Series

Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HEALTH & FITNESS / Herbal Medications
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General