China’s unprecedented urbanization is underpinned by not only massive rural-urban migration but also a household registration system embedded in a territorial hierarchy that produces lingering urban-rural duality. The mid-1990s onwards witnessed increasing reliance on land revenues by municipal governments, causing repeated redrawing of city boundaries to incorporate surrounding countryside. The identification of real estate as a growth anchor further fueled urban expansion. Sprawling commodity housing estates proliferate on urban-rural fringes, juxtaposed with historical villages undergoing intense densification. The traditional urban core and work-unit compounds also undergo wholesale redevelopment. Alongside large influx of migrants, major reshuffling of population has taken place inside metropolitan areas. Chinese cities today are more differentiated than ever, with new communities superimposing and superseding older ones. The rise of the urban middle class, in particular, has facilitated the formation of homeowners’ associations, and poses major challenges to hitherto state dominated local governance.
The present volume tries to more deeply unravel and delineate the intertwining forms and processes outlined above from a variety of angles: circulatory, mobility and precariousness; urbanization, diversity and segregation; and community and local governance. Contributors include scholars of Chinese cities from mainland China, Hong Kong, Canada, Australia and the United States. This volume was previously published as a special issue of Eurasian Geography and Economics.
Table of Contents
1. Migration, Communities and Governance in Chinese Cities: Unfolding Forms and Processes
Si-ming Li, Shenjing He and Kam Wing Chan
Part I Circularity, Mobility and Precariousness
2. Instability of Labour Migrant Supply in China: Evidence from Source Area for 1987-1998
Yan Yuan, Zhao Rong, Ruidai Yang and Yan Liu
3. Residential Mobility within Guangzhou City, China, 1990-2010: Local Residents Versus Migrants
Si-ming Li and Yushu Zhu
4. Participation and Expenditure of Migrants in the Illegal Lottery in China’s Pearl River Delta
Zhiming Cheng, Russell Smyth and Gong Sun
Part II New Urban Diversities
5. The Effects of Residential Pattern and Chengzhongcun Housing on Segregation in Shenzhen, China
6. Space to Manoeuvre: Collective Strategies of Indigenous Villagers in the Urbanizing Region of China
Part III Community and Local Governance
7. Neighbourhood Conflicts in Urban China: from Consciousness of Property Rights to Contentious Actions
8. Homeowners’ Associations and Neighbourhood Governance in China
9. Creating and Defending Concept of Home in Suburban Guangzhou
Dan Feng, Werner Breitung and Hong Zhu
Si-ming Li is currently Director of David C Lam Institute of East-West Studies and Chair Professor of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University.
Shenjing He is an Associate Professor at the department of Urban Planning and Design, The University of Hong Kong.
Kam Wing Chan is Professor of Geography at the University of Washington.