Changing Urban Trends : Cultures of Decency and Well-being from the Premodern to the Postmodern book cover
1st Edition

Changing Urban Trends
Cultures of Decency and Well-being from the Premodern to the Postmodern

ISBN 9781138049338
Published October 14, 2019 by Routledge
218 Pages 53 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The local public sector is deeply steeped in history. Studying the historic patterns of urban settlements helps us to understand the development of local priorities: zoning to separate residential areas by class and race, establishing police and fire departments to protect lives and property, building roads and canals to make transportation more efficient, and setting up school systems to educate students for work and adulthood. In this new book, the reader is guided through premodern conditions in order to identify paradigmatic changes that differentiate the premodern age from the modern age. The well-known contours of that transformation are then used to highlight trends that signal movements toward postmodernity.

A great variety of books cover politics, policies, and governance at the local level. This book invites a more comprehensive look in that it structures the analysis around six basic themes: economics, politics and government, organization of work, education, human nature plus related practices, and criminal justice; the book invites a historical perspective by using the six themes to clarify paradigmatic shifts from premodernity to modernity and now postmodernity. The paradigmatic changes are examined to ask important questions: What can local governments learn from premodernity and modernity to promote desirable developments and avert unfavorable trends in postmodernity? What are progressive and regressive strategies? What social, cultural, and economic principles and practices are worth promoting and which ones to discourage? The broad nature of the book makes it relevant to students, scholars, and experts of urban politics and policies, as well as city planning, economic planning, ethics, and related fields.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Premodern Conditions

1. Introduction

2. An Agrarian Economy

3. Impact of the Economy on Settlements

4. Political System/Urban Governance

5. Work Organizations

6. Education/Required Knowledge, Skills, Abilities

7. View of Human Nature

8. Religion

9. In Summary

Part 2: Modern Conditions

10. Introduction

11. An Industrial Economy

12. Impact of the Industrial Economy on the Urban Environment

13. Political System at the Local Level/Urban Governance

14. Work Organizations

15. Education/Required KSAs to Make a Living

16. View of Human Nature

17. Religion

18. In Summary

Part 3: Postmodern Developments

19. Introduction

20. The High-Tech Economy

21. Impact of Postmodern Economy on Urban Areas

22. Political System at the Local Level/Urban Governance

23. Work Organizations

24. Education/Required KSAs – recognition that

25. View of Human Nature

26. Religion

27. In Summary

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Siegrun Fox Freyss is Professor Emerita of political science and public administration at the California State University, Los Angeles, USA. Her research interests include local government politics and management, as well as public policies at the community level and organization theory in general. She is the co-author of Personnel Management in Government, 7th ed.; as well as the editor and co-author of Human Research Management in Local Government, 3rd ed., published by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA). She also is the author of numerous articles published in academic journals and as book chapters. In 2014, she wrote a monthly column in PA Times on "Paradigm Shifts in Public Administration – Towards New Benchmarks and Best Practices." Dr. Freyss received her doctoral degree in Government from the Claremont Graduate University and her master’s degree (Diplom) in Applied Geography from the Technical University Munich, Germany.