Originally published in 1955 and based on research of public records and other contemporary sources, this book builds up an excellent picture of England before the Civil War. Through a series of case studies, it examines the type of person who emigrated to New England and their motivation for doing so. The wealth of evidence from original documents is clearly arranged and provides a refreshing reassessment of the period, showing that although religious conviction was a clear motive for emigration, the Puritan were also seeking security from hardships of other kinds.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Fundamental Conditions 1. Preview 2. The Nation at Large 3. The King and the Court 4. Charles and his Privy Purse 5. The Country Classes 6. Country Life 7. London 8. Reading and the Family Part 2: Economic Difficulties 9. The Poor 10. Hard Times 11. Two Important Trades 12. Monopolies 13. The Plague Part 3: Charles’ Foreign Wars 14. English Military and Naval Life 15. Futility in War 16. ‘So Much for Buckingham!’ 17. Aftermath of Ré 18. Hazards of the Sea Part 4: Government and Law 19. Charles’ First Three Parliaments 20. Finance Without Parliament 21. Ship-Money and the Migration 22. The Court of Star Chamber 23. Impending Trouble Part 5: Anglican Against Puritan 24. The English Church – General 25. Puritan Thought 26. The Anglicans 27. Laud against the Puritans 28. The High Commission 29. The Case of Charles Chauncy 30. The Case of Samuel Ward 31. The Courts and the Common Folk 32. Summary – The Leaven of Discontent Part 6: The English Story of the Migration 33. Early Plans and Motives 34. Settlement Begins 35. The Massachusetts Bay Company 36. Preparations to Go 37. Reports Reach England 38. Restrictions and Evasions 39. New Dangers 40. Gorges Against the Colony 41. The Last Danger Weathered
J. T. Cliffe is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.