Chemical Analysis of Firearms, Ammunition, and Gunshot Residue: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chemical Analysis of Firearms, Ammunition, and Gunshot Residue

2nd Edition

By James Smyth Wallace

CRC Press

325 pages | 63 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498761543
pub: 2018-06-05
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Description

Chemical Analysis of Firearms, Ammunition, and Gunshot Residue, Second Edition continues in the tradition of the popular first edition, filling the void in forensic texts on the subject. While most books on firearms focus solely on the physical aspects of firearms, this book addresses forensic issues relating to the chemical aspects of firearms and ammunition. It draws on the latest published literature including books, scientific papers, technical reports, manufacturer’s literature, newspaper articles, and personal observations and research conducted by the author.

This edition is fully updated, introducing the history and development of firearms and ammunition including advances in the chemical analysis of them. Several changes in primer compositions and the particle classification system are addressed with new techniques added on evidence collection and testing methods. Coverage details chemical aspects of forensic firearms casework with particular emphasis on the detection of gunshot residues (GSR), firearm discharge residues (FDR), and cartridge discharge residues (CDR) on a suspect’s skin and clothing surfaces. Two new chapters have been added. One deals with unusual firearms case while the other summarizes a controversial, high-profile Australian case involving inorganic and organic gunshot residue, highlighting the dangers of incorrect forensic evidence and the increased need for careful training of forensic scientists.

  • Fully updated to reflect the latest techniques and tests for particle and chemical classification
  • Provides a complete history of firearms and ammunition development as well as advances in the chemical analysis involved in forensic firearm casework
  • Features a one-of-a-kind chapter on processing suspects, a crucial component in many firearms and explosives residue cases

The book will serves as a useful to forensic chemists, investigators, ballistics experts, among other professionals serving in a variety of forensic disciplines.

Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction

1. Definitions

Part II. Historical Aspects of Firearms and Ammunition

2. History of Gunpowder

3. History of Ignition Systems

4. History of Bullets

5. History of Ammunition

6. History of Firearms

Part III. Chemical Aspects of Firearms and Ammunition

7. Cartridge Cases

8. Primer Cups (Caps)

9. Priming Compositions

10. Propellants

11. Projectiles

12. Complementary Ammunition Components

13. Caseless Ammunition

14. Blank Ammunition

15. Firearm Construction Materials

Part IV. Firearm Discharge Residue

16. Firearm Discharge Residue Techniques

17. Properties of Firearm Discharge Residue

Part V. Experimental

18. Scenes of Crime Experiences

19. Objectives, Sampling Procedures, Instrumentation, and Conditions

20. Particle Classification Scheme

21. Casework Related Tests

22. Analysis of Ammunition

23. Ammunition Containing Mercury

24. Lead Free Ammunition

Part VI. Suspect Processing Procedures

25. Firearm Discharge Residue Sampling

26. Sampling of Skin and Clothing Surfaces for Firearm Discharge Residue

27. Development of a Method for Organic Firearm Discharge Residue Detection

28. Consequences of Incorrect GSR Evidence

29. Conclusion

About the Author

Dr. James Smyth Wallace is a retired forensic scientist who worked in the firearms section of the Northern Ireland Forensic Science Laboratory for nearly 25 years. He worked numerous complex and controversial cases including a number of terrorist-related incidents. Previously a member of the Forensic Science Service, he is interested in quality assurance, crime scene examination, and all aspects of research in the development of chemical examinations relating to firearms casework.

About the Series

International Forensic Science and Investigation

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General