Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology

1st Edition

By Tapio O. Salmi, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola, Johan P. Warna

CRC Press

648 pages | 229 B/W Illus.

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The role of the chemical reactor is crucial for the industrial conversion of raw materials into products and numerous factors must be considered when selecting an appropriate and efficient chemical reactor. Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Technology defines the qualitative aspects that affect the selection of an industrial chemical reactor and couples various reactor models to case-specific kinetic expressions for chemical processes.

Offering a systematic development of the chemical reaction engineering concept, this volume explores:

  • Essential stoichiometric, kinetic, and thermodynamic terms needed in the analysis of chemical reactors
  • Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors
  • Residence time distributions and non-ideal flow conditions in industrial reactors
  • Solutions of algebraic and ordinary differential equation systems
  • Gas- and liquid-phase diffusion coefficients and gas-film coefficients
  • Correlations for gas-liquid systems
  • Solubilities of gases in liquids
  • Guidelines for laboratory reactors and the estimation of kinetic parameters

The authors pay special attention to the exact formulations and derivations of mass energy balances and their numerical solutions. Richly illustrated and containing exercises and solutions covering a number of processes, from oil refining to the development of specialty and fine chemicals, the text provides a clear understanding of chemical reactor analysis and design.

Table of Contents


Preliminary Studies

Laboratory Experiments

Analysis of the Experimental Results

Simulation of Reactor Models

Installation of a Pilot-Plant Unit

Construction of the Facility in Full Scale

Stoichiometry and Kinetics

Stoichiometric Matrix

Reaction Kinetics

Homogeneous Reactors

Reactors for Homogeneous Reactions

Homogeneous Tube Reactor with a Plug Flow

Homogeneous Tank Reactor with Perfect Mixing

Homogeneous BR

Molar Amount, Mole Fraction, Reaction Extent, Conversion, and Concentration

Stoichiometry in Mass Balances

Equilibrium Reactor: Adiabatic Temperature Change

Analytical Solutions for Mass and Energy Balances

Numerical Solution of Mass Balances for Various Coupled Reactions

Nonideal Reactors: Residence Time Distributions

Residence Time Distribution in Flow Reactors

Residence Time Functions

Segregation and Maximum Mixedness

Tanks-in-Series Model

Axial Dispersion Model

Tube Reactor with a Laminar Flow

Catalytic Two-Phase Reactors

Reactors for Heterogeneous Catalytic Gas- and Liquid-Phase Reactions

Packed Bed

Fluidized Bed

Parameters for Packed Bed and Fluidized Bed Reactors

Catalytic Three-Phase Reactors

Reactors Used for Catalytic Three-Phase Reactions

Mass Balances for Three-Phase Reactors

Energy Balances for Three-Phase Reactors

Gas-Liquid Reactors

Reactors for Noncatalytic and Homogeneously Catalyzed Reactions

Mass Balances for Ideal Gas-Liquid Reactors

Energy Balances for Gas-Liquid Reactors

Reactors for Reactive Solids

Reactors for Processes with Reactive Solids

Models for Reactive Solid Particles

Mass Balances for Reactors Containing a Solid Reactive Phase

Toward New Reactor and Reaction Engineering

How to Approach the Modeling of Novel Reactor Concepts?

Reactor Structures and Operation Modes

Transient Operation Modes and Dynamic Modeling

Novel Forms of Energy and Reaction Media

Exploring Reaction Engineering for New Applications

Chemical Reaction Engineering: Historical Remarks and Future Challenges

Chemical Reaction Engineering as a Part of Chemical Engineering

Early Achievements of Chemical Engineering

The Roots of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Understanding Continuous Reactors and Transport Phenomena

Postwar Time: New Theories Emerge

Numerical Mathematics and Computing Develop

Teaching the Next Generation

Expansion of Chemical Reaction Engineering: Toward New Paradigms


Solutions to Selected Exercises



About the Authors

Tapio Salmi is a professor of chemical reaction engineering at Abo Akademi in Abo-Turku, Finland.

Jyri-Pekka Mikkola is a professor of industrial chemistry at Umea University in Sweden and Abo Akademi in Abo-Turku, Finland.

Johan P. Warnais a professor of chemical reaction engineering at Abo Akademi in Abo-Turku, Finland.

About the Series

Chemical Industries

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical