Chemistry & Physics of Carbon : Volume 30 book cover
1st Edition

Chemistry & Physics of Carbon
Volume 30

ISBN 9781420042986
Published December 20, 2007 by CRC Press
260 Pages - 161 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Written by distinguished researchers in carbon, the long-running Chemistry and Physics of Carbon series provides a comprehensive and critical overview of carbon in terms of molecular structure, intermolecular relationships, bulk and surface properties, and their behavior in an amazing variety of current and emerging applications, ranging from nanotechnology to environmental remediation. Volume 30 not only retains the high-quality content and reputation of previous volumes, but also complements them with reliable and timely coverage of the latest advances in the field.

The first chapters analyze progressive approaches to controlling more precisely the structure, morphology, and surface properties of novel activated carbons. They cover methods using activating agents such as alkaline hydroxides as well as endo- and exotemplates made from zeolites, silica, and colloidal crystals. The third chapter examines techniques for characterizing carbon surface chemistry, including electrochemical, spectroscopic, and chromatographic methods. The fourth and final chapter compares the virtues of exfoliated graphite, carbonized fir fibers, carbon fiber felt, and charcoals in solving oil spill problems, a matter of increasing environmental concern.

Emphasizing key experimental results, practical aspects, and cutting-edge applications in every chapter, Volume 30 is a vital resource for those developing new technologies such as drug delivery, adsorbents for oil/chemical spills, materials processing, high-performance nanocarbons, and energy storage and conversion devices, including lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells.

Table of Contents

Carbon Activation by Alkaline Hydroxides: Preparation and Reactions, Porosity and Performance; A. Linares-Solano, D. Lozano-Castelló, M.A. Lillo-Ródenas, and D. Cazorla-Amorós
Preparation and Variables
Singular Characteristics of Porosity Developed by Alkaline Hydroxide Activation
Reactions Occurring During Activation
Applications of KOH/NaOH Activated Carbons
Concluding Remarks
Template Approaches to Preparing Porous Carbons; F. Su, Z. Zhou, W. Guo, J. Liu, X.N. Tian, and X.S. Zhao
Zeolite-Templated Microporous Carbon
Mesoporous-Silica-Templated Mesoporous Carbon
Nanoparticle-Templated Mesoporous Carbon
Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Macroporous Carbon
er.Templating Approaches to Preparing Carbon
Applications of Templated Porous Carbon
Characterization of Carbon Surface Chemistry; P. Burg and D. Cagniant.
Introduction: Carbonaceous Materials
Characterization of Surface Chemistry in Terms of Functional Groups
Surface Characterization in Terms of Active, Polar, and Nonpolar Sites
Application of Calorimetric Methods to Characterization of Surface Chemistry
Spectroscopic Characterization of Carbon Surface Chemistry
Characterization of Surface Chemistry in Terms of Molecular Interactions
Sorption of Heavy Oils into Carbon Materials; M. Toyoda, N. Iwashita, and M. Inagaki
Carbon Materials and Heavy Oils Used
Sorption Capacity for Heavy Oils
Selectivity of Sorption
Sorption Kinetics
Cyclic Performance of Carbon Materials for Sorption of Heavy Oils
Heavy Oils Recovered
Preliminary Experiments for Practical Recovery of Spilled Heavy Oils
Concluding Remarks
*Each Chapter Contains an Introduction and References

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Ljubisa R. Radovic