Chemometrics Applications and Research: QSAR in Medicinal Chemistry, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chemometrics Applications and Research

QSAR in Medicinal Chemistry, 1st Edition

Edited by Andrew G. Mercader, Pablo R. Duchowicz, P. M. Sivakumar

Apple Academic Press

458 pages | 80 B/W Illus.

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Description

This important new book provides innovative material, including peer-reviewed chapters and survey articles on new applied research and development, in the scientifically important field of QSAR in medicinal chemistry.

QSAR is a growing field because available computing power is continuously increasing, QSAR’s potential is enormous, limited only by the quantity and quality of the available experimental input, which are also continuously improving. The number of possible structures for the design of new organic compounds is difficult to imagine, and QSAR helps to predict their activities even before synthesis.

The book provides a wealth of valuable information and:

• Presents an overview of recent developments in QSAR methodologies along with a brief history of QSAR

• Covers the available web resource tools and in silico techniques used in virtual screening and drug discovery processes, compiling an extensive review of web resources in the following categories: databases related to chemical compounds, drug targets, and ADME/toxicity prediction; molecular modeling and drug designing; virtual screening; pharmacophore generation; molecular descriptor calculation software; software for quantum mechanics; ligand binding affinities (docking); and software related to ADME/toxicity prediction

• Reviews the rm2 as a more stringent measure for the assessment of model predictivity compared to traditional validation metrics, being specifically important since validation is a crucial step in any QSAR study

• Presents linear model improvement techniques that take into account the conformation flexibility of the modeled molecules

• Summarizes the building processes of four different pharmacophore models: common-feature, 3D-QSAR, protein-, and protein-ligand complexes

• Shows the role of different conceptual density functional theory based chemical reactivity descriptors, such as hardness, electrophilicity, net electrophilicity, and philicity in the design of different QSAR/QSPR/QSTR models

• Reviews the use of chemometrics in PPAR research highlighting its substantial contribution in identifying essential structural characteristics and understanding the mechanism of action

• Presents the structures and QSARs of antimicrobial and immunosuppressive cyclopeptides, discussing the balance of antimicrobial and haemolytic activities for designing new antimicrobial cyclic peptides

• Shows the relationship between DFT global descriptors and experimental toxicity of a selected group of polychlorinated biphenyls, exploring the efficacy of three DFT descriptors

• Reviews the applications of Quantitative Structure-Relative Sweetness Relationships (QSRSR), showing that the last decade was marked by an increase in the number of studies regarding QSAR applications for both understanding the sweetness mechanism and synthesizing novel sweetener compounds for the food additive industry

The wide coverage makes this book an excellent reference for those in chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine as well as for research centers, governmental organizations, pharmaceutical companies, and health and environmental control organizations.

Reviews

"This concisely written and up-to-date book is an asset for QSAR, and it will create great interest among the new entrants into the field. It covers topics from 2D-to 6D-QSAR and allied topics in good details with high clarity. The book deserves high place on the desks of beginners and practicing professionals."

—Vijay Masand, PhD, Department of Chemistry, Vidya Bharati College, Amravati, Maharashtra, India

Table of Contents

Preface

Overview and Recent Advances in QSAR Studies; Rahul P. Gangwal, Mangesh V. Damre, and Abhay T. Sangamwar

Software and Web Resources for Computer-Aided Molecular Modeling and Drug Discovery; Dharmendra Kumar Yadav, Reeta Rai, Ramendra Pratap, and Harpreet Singh

The Rm2 Metrics for Validation of QSAR/QSPR Models; Kunal Roy and Supratik Kar

Considering the Molecular Conformational Flexibility in QSAR Studies; Javier Garcia, Pablo R. Duchowicz, and Eduardo A. Castro

Practical Aspects of Building, Validation and Application of 3D-Pharmacophore Models; Elumalai Pavadai and Kelly Chibale

Application of Conceptual Density Functional Theory in Developing QSAR Models and Their Usefulness in the Prediction of Biological Activity and Toxicity of Molecules; Sudip Pan, Ashutosh Gupta, Debesh R. Roy, Rajesh K. Sharma, Venkatesan Subramanian, Analava Mitra, and Pratim K. Chattaraj

Synopsis of Chemometric Applications to Model PPAR Agonism; Theodosia Vallianatou, George Lambrinidis, and Anna Tsantili-Kakoulidou

Antimicrobial and Immunosuppressive Activitites of Cyclopeptides as Targets for Medicinal Chemistry; Alicia B. Pomilio, Stella M. Battistaand, and Arturo A. Vitale

On the Use of Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) and Global Reactivity Descriptors to Study the Biological Activities of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs); Nazmul Islam

Applications of Quantitative Structure-Relative Sweetness Relationships in Food Chemistry; Cristian Rojas, Pablo R. Duchowicz, Reinaldo Pis Diez, and Piercosimo Tripaldi

QSAR Studies of 1, 4-Benzodiazepines as CCKA Antagonist; Sumitra Nain, P. M. Shivakumar, and Sarvesh Paliwal

Docking-Based Scoring Parameters Based QSAR Modeling on a Dataset of Bisphenylbenzimidazole as Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor; Surendra Kumar and Meena Tiwari

Potential Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Proliferative Agents.-1h-Isochromen-1-Ones and Their Thio Analogues and Their QSAR Studies; F. Nawaz Khan, Ponnurengam Malliappan Sivakumar, Mukesh Doble, P. Manivel, and Euh Duck Jeong

QSAR Studies on Dihydrofolate Reductase Enzyme: From Model to Biological Activity; Rajesh Rengarajan, Garima Mathur, Anu Sharma, P. M. Shivakumar, and Sumitra Nain

Index

About the Editors

Andrew G. Mercader, PhD, studied physical chemistry at the Faculty of Chemistry of La Plata National University (UNLP), Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1995–2001. Afterwards he joined Shell Argentina to work as the luboil, asphalts and distillation process technologist, as well as the safeguarding and project technologist, from 2001–2006. Dr. Mercader’s PhD work on the development and applications of QSAR/QSPR theory was performed at the Theoretical and Applied Research Institute at La Plata National University (INIFTA) from 2006–2009. After that he obtained a post-doctoral scholarship to work on theoretical-experimental studies of biflavonoids, at IBIMOL (ex PRALIB), Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires (UBA), from 2009–2012. He is currently a member of the Scientific Researcher Career in the Argentina National Research Council at INIFTA.

Pablo R. Duchowicz, PhD, studied physical chemistry from 1996–2003 at the Faculty of Exact Sciences, Chemistry Department of La Plata National University (UNLP), Buenos Aires, Argentina. His PhD work on "Physicochemical and Biological Applications of the QSPR" was performed at the Research Institute of Theoretical and Applied Physical-Chemistry (INIFTA), located at La Plata, under the supervision of Professors Eduardo A. Castro and Francisco M. Fernández, from 2003–2005. In 2006 he obtained a post-doctoral scholarship to work on "ab initio Direct Kinetics and Molecular Dynamics Studies for Halogenated Germanes and Related Species" at INIFTA, under the supervision of Dr. Carlos J. Cobos and Professor Adela Croce. Since 2007, he has been a member of the Scientific Researcher Career of the National Research Council of Argentina, performing research work at INIFTA.

P. M. Sivakumar, PhD, is a foreign postdoctoral researcher (FPR) at RIKEN, Wako Campus, in Japan. RIKEN is Japan's largest comprehensive research institution renowned for high-quality research in a diverse range of scientific disciplines. He received his PhD from the Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India. He is a member of the editorial boards of several journals and has published papers in international peer-reviewed journals and professional conferences. His research interests include drug discovery, QSAR, and biomaterials.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI000000
SCIENCE / General
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical