This book presents leading experts on the scientific study of gender, providing their views on what we know today about the relationship between gender nonconformity in childhood and future adult sexual identities or behaviors. This book explores the topic from a wide range of perspectives, including historical, sociological, psychological (social and developmental), and psychiatric viewpoints. Parents, parent educators, therapists, and counselors who work with gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents or adults and/or gender atypical children will find this resource insightful and very useful.
It presents highly respected authorities offering their own expertise and perspectives on a subject of much cultural controversy. Chapters explore: historical and cultural examples which suggest that homoerotic relationships during adolescence or early adulthood do not necessarily lead to homosexuality; the difficulty in identifying an example of a pattern of childhood behaviors that is predictive of outcome; a review of empirical retrospective and prospective literature; whether there is a causal link between childhood gender nonconformity and sexual orientation; and the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder in the most recent DSM.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health.
Table of Contents
- Preface Theo Sandfort
- Introduction Robin M. Mathy and Jack Drescher
- Childhood Gender Nonconformity and Adult Homosexuality: A Historical View Vern Bullough
- Childhood Cross-Gender Behavior and Adult Homosexuality: Why the Link? Richard Green
- Reflections on the Relation Between Sex-Typed Behavior in Childhood and Sexual Orientation in Adulthood Kenneth J. Zucker
- Is There a Causal Link Between Childhood Gender Nonconformity and Adult Homosexuality? Daryl J. Bem
- Nosology, Etiology, and Course of Gender Identity Disorder in Children James I. Martin
- Developmental Gender Differentiation: Pathways in Conforming and Nonconforming Outcomes Lynn S. Liben and Rebecca S. Bigler
- Gender Atypicality and Sexual Orientation Development Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth Anthony R. D’Augelli, Arnold H. Grossman, and Michael T. Starks
- Masculinity, Femininity, and the Development of Sexual Orientation in Women Letitia Anne Peplau and Mark Huppin
Robin M. Mathy is a doctoral candidate at Oxford University and works as a psychotherapist and addictions counselor. She is co-author (with Frederick L. Whitam) of Male Homosexuality in Four Societies: Brazil, Guatemala, the Philippines, and the United States, and co-editor (with Shelly Kerr) of Lesbian and Bisexual Women’s Mental Health (Haworth, 2006).
Jack Drescher is a Fellow, Training and Supervising Analyst at the William Alanson White Institute and Adjunct Assistant Professor at New York University Postodoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis.