Childhood head injuries differ from adult head injuries in some significant respects. They occur against a background of ongoing physical and cognitive development. Cognitive capacities often change with time post-injury. But for children changes are affected by two processes of functional plasticity, one concerned with recovery, one with development. The impact of the injury is moderated by age/developmental stage.
In recent years there has been a new focus on the longitudinal comparison of children post-injury with appropriate control groups. Advances in neuropsychological assessment have permitted evaluation with reference to more developmentally suitable norms; expanded definitions of outcome have broadened our understanding of consequences; and neuroimaging techniques have enabled the more precise delineation of injury severity, the study of structure-function outcome relations, and the investigation of reorganization of function.
This special issue offers an overview of cutting-edge approaches to the analysis of childhood head injury.
Volume 25, Number 1 & 2, 2004
Contents:INTRODUCTION: M. Dennis, H.S. Levin, New Perspectives on Cognitive and Behavioral Outcome After Childhood Closed Head Injury. NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES: S.R. McCauley, H.S. Levin, Prospective Memory in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Study. C.R. Roncadin, S. Guger, J. Archibald, M.A. Barnes, M. Dennis, Working Memory After Mild, Moderate, or Severe Childhood Closed Head Injury. CONTROL PROCESSES: S.B. Chapman, G. Sparks, H.S. Levin, M. Dennis, C.R. Roncadin, L. Zhang, J. Song, Discourse Macrolevel Processing After Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. B. Brookshire, H.S. Levin, J. Song, Components of Executive Function in Typically Developing and Head Injured Children. G. Hanten, M. Dennis, M.A. Barnes, G. Roberson, J. Archibald, J. Song, H.S. Levin, Childhood Head Injury and Metacognitive Processes in Language and Memory. ACADEMIC AND PSYCHOSOCIAL OUTCOME: L. Ewing-Cobbs, M.A. Barnes, J.M. Fletcher, H.S. Levin, P.R. Swank, J. Song, Modeling of Longitudinal Academic Achievement Scores After Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. G.A. Gioia, P.K. Isquith, Ecological Assessment of Executive Functions in Traumatic Brain Injury. NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS: J.E. Max, A.E. Lansing, S.L. Koele, C.C. Castillo, H. Bokura, R. Schachar, N. Collings, K.E. Williams, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents Following Traumatic Brain Injury. R. Schachar, H.S. Levin, J.E. Max, K. Purvis, S. Chen, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Inhibition Deficit After Closed Head Injury in Children: Do Preinjury Behavior, Injury Severity, and Recovery Variables Predict Outcome? SUMMARY: H.G. Taylor, Research on Outcomes of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: Current Advances and Future Directions.