Children and Exercise XXVII presents the latest scientific research into paediatric sport and exercise science and medicine, including contributions from a wide range of leading international experts and early career researchers. The book begins with chapters devoted to the five invited keynote lectures, followed by forty-two of the peer-reviewed presentations which are arranged into five thematic sections addressing:
- exercise physiology
- physical activity and health
- exercise and medicine
- testing and performance
- young athlete and sports participation.
The forty-seven chapters offer a review of current topics and ongoing research in paediatric sport and exercise science and medicine. The book is therefore a key text for all researchers, lecturers, paediatricians, health professionals and students with an interest in the exercising child in health and disease.
Table of Contents
Part I The Josef Rutenfranz Lecture 1. From playground to podium - N. Armstrong Part II Keynote Lectures 2. Evidence-based physical activity interventions in children - W. van Mechelen, A.S. Singh, E.A.L.M. Verhagen, and M.J.M. Chin A. Paw 3. Physical activity and early markers of cardiovascular diseases in obese children - N. Farpour-Lambert 4. Developmental changes in muscle activation as the underlying cause for observed child-adult performance differences - B. Falk and R. Dotan 5. Understanding the genetics of birth weight - R. Freathy Part III Exercise Physiology 6. Child and adolescent differences in economy at various speeds across a two-year time period - R.W. Moore, T.S. Wenzlick, K.A. Pfeiffer, and S.G. Trost 7. Fuel use responses in young boys and girls during submaximal exercise - A. D. Mahon, L. M. Guth, M. P. Rogowski, and K. A. Craft 8. RER variability analysis by sample entropy: Comparing trained and untrained adolescent female soccer players - G.R. Biltz, V.B. Unnithan, S.R. Brown, S. Marwood, D.M. Roche, M. Garrard, and K. Holloway 9. Effect of exercise mode on fat oxidation and ‘fatmax’ in pre- to early pubertal girls and boys - K. Tolfrey and J.K. Zakrzewski 10. Prefrontal cortex oxygenation and muscle oxygenation during incremental exercise in children: A near-infrared spectroscopy study - M. Luszczyk, S. Kujach, R.A. Olek, R. Laskowski, and A. Szczesna-Kaczmarek 11. Comparative analysis of quadriceps endurance during sustained submaximal isometric contractions in children and adults - A. Bouchant, A. Abdelmoula, V. Martin, C. Lavet, C.A Williams, S. Ratel 12. Heat sensation of obese and non-obese pubescent boys during cycling and recovery in the heat - P.L. Sehl, G.T. Leites, J.B. Martins, G.S. Cunha, and F. Meyer 13. Ability of milk to replace fluid losses in children after exercise in the heat - K. Volterman, J. Obeid, B. Wilk, and B.W. Timmons Part IV Physical Activity and Health 14. Relationships between cardiometabolic risk factors and aerobic fitness: a fresh look - R.G. McMurray, C. Lehman, P.A. Hosick, and A. Bugge 15. Effects of a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention on cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds. - G.J. Knox, J.S. Baker, B. Davies, A. Rees, K. Morgan, and N.E. Thomas 16. Impact of changes in screen time on blood profiles and blood pressure in adolescents over a two year period - D.R. Dengel, M.O. Hearst, J.H. Harmon, and L.A. Lytle 17. Aerobic fitness and physical activity are related to lean body mass and not adiposity in preschoolers - L. Gabel, N.A. Proudfoot, and B.W. Timmons 18. Validation of the Genea waveform accelerometer for assessment of children’s physical activity - L.R.S. Phillips, A.V. Rowlands, and C.G Parfitt 19. Energy cost of playing activity video games: A comparison between children with obesity and normal weight controls - C. O’Donovan, and J. Hussey 20. Contribution of organized sports to estimated energy expenditure in female adolescents - I. S. Rêgo, A.M. Rodrigues, H.M. Carvalho, E. Ronque, E. Cyrino, and M. Coelho-e-Silva 21. The effect of a 6 week school based Active Play intervention on pre-school physical activity and sedentary behaviour - M.V. O’Dwyer, Z. Knowles, S.J. Fairclough, N.D. Ridgers, L. Foweather, and G. Stratton 22. Relationships between bone mineral density and jumping height in prepubertal girls with different physical activity patterns -A.-L. Parm, J. Jürimäe, M. Saar, K. Pärna, V. Tillmann, K. Maasalu, I. Neissaar, and T. Jürimäe 23. Body structure, physical activity and quantitative ultrasound measurements in prepubertal boys - M. Szmodis, E. Bosnyák, G. Szőts, E. Trájer, M. Tóth, and A. Farkas 24. The combined association of self-efficacy and fatness on physical activity in low income, minority children - K.A. Pfeiffer, D. Suton, J.C. Eisenmann, J.M. Pivarnik, J.J. Carlson, and E. Lamb 25. Physical activity in children: Does it vary by where children live, learn and play? Lessons from the built environment and active transport (beat) project - M.R. Stone, G. Faulkner, R. Buliung, and R. Mitra 26. Feasibility of physical education homework assignments in high-school - M. Pantanowitz, R. Lidor, D. Nemet, and A. Eliakim Part V Exercise and Medicine 27. Longitudinal oral contraceptive use on bone parameters - A. J. McLardy, C.D. Rodgers, M.C. Erlandson, S.A. Kontulainen, R.A. Pierson, and A.D.G. Baxter-Jones 28. The timing of bone density and estimated bone geometry at the proximal femur: A longitudinal hip structural analysis study -A. Baxter-Jones, S.A. Jackowski, D.M.L. Cooper, J.L. Lanovaz, and S.A. Kontulainen 29. Heart rate variability and aerobic fitness in adolescents born prematurely with very low birth weight - P.A. Nixon, L.K. Washburn, and T.M. O’Shea 30. Cardiopulmonary outcomes in young adults born prematurely with varying birth weights - M.C. Sullivan, P.A. Mitchell, R.J. Miller, S.B. Winchester, and J.W. Ziegler 31. Physical activity and muscle hypofunction in children with Crohn’s disease: Implications for bone health - J. Hay, D.R. Mack, F. Rauch, E. Benchimol, M. Matzinger, N. Shenouda, and L M. Ward 32. Reduced fat oxidation rates during submaximal exercise in adolescents with a chronic inflammatory disease - T. Nguyen, J. Obeid, H.E. Ploeger, T. Takken, L. Pedder, R.M. Issenman, and B.W. Timmons 33. Sedentary behaviour in youth with Cerebral Palsy and age-, gender- and season-matched controls - J. Obeid, S. Noorduyn, J.W. Gorter, and B.W. Timmons 34. An adaptation of central and peripheral cardiovascular responses to exercise in children as a determinant of microvascular function - M. N. Jawis, A.R. Middlebrooke, A.V. Rowlands, and N. Armstrong 35. The effectiveness of a short-term low-intensity walking intervention on lipid profile in obese adolescents - A. M. McManus, R.R Mellecker, C. Yu, and P. T. Cheung Part VI Testing and Performance 36. Reproducibility of functional and physiological outcomes of exercise testing in ambulatory children with spina bifida - J.F. De Groot, T. Takken, M.A.C.G. Schoenmakers, R. Gooskens, S. Goossens, S. den Haak, L. Vanhees, and P.J.M. Helders 37. Validity of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope in children with cystic fibrosis - B.C. Bongers, H.J. Hulzebos, H.G.M. Arets, and T. Takken 38. The validity of the steep ramp protocol to predict peak oxygen uptake in adolescents with cystic fibrosis - H.J. Hulzebos, M.S. Werkman, P.B. van de Weert-van Leeuwen, H.G.M. Arets, and T. Takken 39. A new treadmill protocol for the clinical evaluation of children with cardiac disease - R.J. Sabath, K.M. Teson, J.E. Hulse, and M. Gelatt 40. Influence of two sprint training programmes on fitness of young soccer players - Y. Meckel, Y. Gefen, D. Nemet, and A. Eliakim 41. Weight resistance for a cycloergometer Wingate test performed by different maturational groups of male swimmers - S. Soares, P. Duarte, and R.J. Fernandes 42. Explosive leg power and body composition in 11–17-year-old boys - A. Emeljanovas, R. Rutkauskaite, V. Volbekiene, and R. Ggruodyte Part VII Young Athlete and Sports Participation 43. Training reduces catabolic and inflammatory response to a single practice in female volleyball players - A. Eliakim, S. Portal, Z. Zadik, Y. Meckel, and D. Nemet 44. Short-and long-term maximal protocols and their contribution to differentiate under-17 hockey players by competitive level - J. Valente-dos-Santos, V. Vaz, A. Santos, A.J. Figueiredo, M.T. Elferink-Gemser, R.M. Malina, and M.J. Coelho-e-Silva 45. The evaluation of small sided games as a talent identification mechanism in elite youth football - V. B. Unnithan, A. Georgiou, J. Iga, and B. Drust 46. Are there any detectable secular growth changes in young male athletes? - A. Farkas, G. Ag, and M. Szmodis 47. Isokinetic strength and risk of muscle imbalance in U-17 hockey players by competitive level - M.J.Coelho-e-Silva, H.M. Carvalho, V. Vaz, J. Valente-dos-Santos, A.J. Figueiredo, M.T. Elferink-Gemser, and R.M. Malina
Craig Williams is Associate Professor of Paediatric Exercise Physiology and Co-Director of the Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre at the University of Exeter.
Neil Armstrong is Professor of Paediatric Physiology and Director of the Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre at the University of Exeter. He is also Vice-President and Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Exeter.