China's Cultural Diplomacy: A Great Leap Outward?, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

China's Cultural Diplomacy

A Great Leap Outward?, 1st Edition

By Xin Liu


288 pages | 9 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367281533
pub: 2019-10-22
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This book examines China’s contemporary global cultural footprints through its recent development of cultural diplomacy.

The volume presents an alternative analytical framework to examine China’s cultural diplomacy which goes beyond the Western-defined concept of ‘soft power’ that prevails in the current literature. This new approach constructs a three-dimensional framework on Orientalism, cultural hegemony, and nationalism to decipher the multiple contexts which China inhabits historically, internationally and domestically. The book presents multiple case studies of the Confucius Institute, and compares the global program located around the world with its Western counterparts, and also with other Chinese government-sponsored endeavours and non-government-initiated programs. The author aims to solve the puzzle of why China’s efforts in cultural diplomacy are perceived differently around the world and helps to outline the distinctive features of China’s cultural diplomacy.

This book will be of much interest to students of diplomacy, Chinese politics, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Table of Contents


1. Look Beyond and Beneath the Soft Power

2. The Vehicle and Driver of China’s Cultural Diplomacy: The Two ‘Wheels’ and Two Models

3. Charting the Global Cultural Terrain of Struggle for China’s Confucius Institutes

4. So Similar, So Different, So Chinese: Analytical Comparisons of the Confucius Institute with Its Western Counterparts

5. The Last Three Feet: Where Citizen Diplomacy Can Dissolve the Perception of Chinese Sharp Power

6. Cultural Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics


About the Author

Xin Liu is a Senior Lecturer and Chinese Course Leader at the University of Central Lancashire, UK.

About the Series

Routledge New Diplomacy Studies

This new series publishes theoretically challenging and empirically authoritative studies of the traditions, functions, paradigms and institutions of modern diplomacy. Taking a comparative approach, the New Diplomacy Studies series aims to advance research on international diplomacy, publishing innovative accounts of how “old” and 'new' diplomats help steer international conduct between anarchy and hegemony, handle demands for international stability vs. international justice, facilitate transitions between international orders, and address global governance challenges. Dedicated to the exchange of different scholarly perspectives, the series aims to be a forum for inter-paradigm and inter-disciplinary debates, and an opportunity for dialogue between scholars and practitioners.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Asia / General
HISTORY / Asia / China
HISTORY / Military / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / Diplomacy
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / International Security
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / General