China’s extraordinary economic boom since the late 1970s has been accompanied by massive urbanization, with the proportion of the population living in cities rising from 18% in 1978 to 54% in 2014. Currently the Chinese government has amongst its objectives the target to increase this to 60% by 2020, and also to improve the quality of China’s cities. This book examines a wide range of issues connected to China’s urbanization. It considers the many problems which have come with rapid urbanization, including urban housing problems, difficulties affecting rural migrants in urban areas, and a lack of social protection. It examines areas of current reform, including land reform, shanty town renewal and moves to address environmental problems. It explores governance issues, and throughout assesses how urbanization in China is likely to develop in future.
Introduction ZHONG Yongnian, ZHAO Litao, and Sarah Y TONG Part I Development Policies and Industrial Development 1. Urbanization as a new engine for future growth Shantong Li, Jianwu He, Sanmang Wu, Huanxiang Li, and Fujia Li 2. Urbanization and urban-rural consumption divide Li Chunling Part II Social development in China’s urbanization3. Making housing affordable in an urbanizing China Li Bingqin, 4. Re-assessing informal migration and urbanization in China Zhao Min and Chen Chen 5. Social programs for urban working class in China: unemployment insurance and minimum livelihood guarantee scheme Qian Jiwei Part III Land and rural development 6. The issue of land in China’s transition and urbanization Tao Ran 7. Urbanization and emerging urban land use patterns Ding Chengri and Yi Niu 8. Rural land consolidation in China Zhong Sheng, 9. Rural migration and rural development Zhang Li, Li Wei, and Cu Su 10. Why is a free and competitive land market indispensable for China to resolve the rural-urban duality through endogenous urbanization? James G Wen Part IV Urban planning and governance 11. Assessing China’s Shantytown regeneration program ZHOU Zhihua 12. Exploring the vision and strategy of intelligent cities in China Xu Qingrui, Wu Zhiyan, and Siyu Liu 13. Awakening environment consciousness challenging municipal governance Chen Gang