In China, social development has fallen far behind economic development. This book looks at why this is the case, and poses the question of whether the conditions, structures and institutions that have locked China into unbalanced development are changing to pave the way for the next stage of development. Based on an empirical examination of ideological, structural and institutional transformations that have shaped China’s development experiences, the book analyses China’s reform and development in the social domain, including pension, healthcare, public housing, ethnic policy, and public expenditure on social programs. The book moves beyond descriptive analyses to understand the role of broader changes in shaping and redefining the pattern of development in China.
Introduction Litao Zhao Part 1: China into the Next Stage of Development 1. Society Must Be Defended: Reform, openness and social policy in China Yongnian Zheng 2. China’s New Stage of Development Peilin Li Part 2: Social Policy Reform Moving to the Fore 3. Issues and Options for Social Security Reform in China Shi Li 4. China’s Fiscal Expenditure on Social Security since 1978 Yanzhong Wang and Yuqi Long 5. Healthcare Reform: Where is China heading? Phua Kai Hong and Alex He Jingwei 6. How Successful are China’s Public Housing Schemes? Bingqin Li 7. China’s Rapid Demographic Transition and its Challenges to Social Security System Ding Lu 8. Political Dynamics of Social Policy Reform in China Yongnian Zheng and Yanjie Huang 9. Developmentalism, Secularism, Nationalism and Essentialism: Current Situation and Challenges of the Ethnic Issue in China Yongjia Liang Part 3: China's Social Development in a Comparative Perspective 10. The Evolving East Asian Welfare Regimes: The Case of China Chack Kie Wong 11. Singapore’s Social Development Experience: Relevant Lesson for China? Litao Zhao and John Wong