First published in 1973, this work demonstrates how the English churchmen of the nineteenth century moved from a firmly entrenched position in the old social hierarchy to a less definable and insecure position under the rule of the collectivist State run by a professional workforce.
Dr Kitson Clark explores the many questions posed by this gradual change, such as how far should the state dictate the people? Was it not the Church’s responsibility to guide the conscience of the people? And how far should clerics interest themselves in secular affairs? After beginning with a description the ‘old’ order of society before 1832, the book considers the various roles played by parsons in the mid nineteenth century, showing that on the whole the clerics performed their duties conscientiously and were increasingly aware of the injustices in society. The final part of the book demonstrates the gradual establishment of State control affected and influenced churchmen.
This book will be of interest to those studying the history of the welfare state, religion, and social policy.
Preface; Introduction; Phase I: The Old Regime to 1832; 1. The Old Order of Society 2. Church and State before 1832; Phase II: Mid-Century 1832-65; 3. Church, State and Society after 1832 4. The Mid Nineteenth-Century Parson: The Education of the People 5. The Mid Nineteenth-Century Parson: The Governmental Order 6. The Mid Nineteenth-Century Parson: The Social Order (1) 7. The Mid Nineteenth-Century Parson: The Social Order (2); Phase III: Democracy and Collectivism 1865-85; 8. Parliamentary Reform, Social Change and Collectivism 9. The Problems of the Countryside 10. The Problems of the Town 11. The Dismal Society and its Enemies 12. The New Leviathan; Index
This set of 25 volumes, originally published between 1805 and 1992, amalgamates original nineteenth-century material and more recent research and analysis on the development of social welfare in Britain and Europe. From Elizabethan poor relief, through the Poor Laws of the nineteenth-century, to the establishment of the British National Health Service in the mid twentieth-century, this set provides a comprehensive overview of the germination and establishment of modern social welfare. Although the set mainly focuses on social welfare in Britain, it also contains some work on welfare in Europe.
This set will be of keen interest to those studying the history of social welfare, social policy, poverty and class.