Circulation is common in Third World countries and involves reciprocal flows of people, goods and ideas. The essays in this volume, first published in1985, discuss concepts associated with circulation in its various forms, and they present empirical evidence based on field work from holistic, ecological, social, and economic points of view.
Contributions from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia and the Pacific come from an international group of authors representing a variety of disciplines in the social sciences. All who are concerned with social and economic development need to recognise the importance of circulation at all levels of society and polity.
1. Themes on Circulation in the Third World Part I: Holistic Perspectives 2. Towards a Situational Sociology of Wage-Labour Circulation 3. The Hausa Wanderer and Structural Outsiderhood: an Emic and Etic Analysis 4. Circulation in West Java, Indonesia 5. Circulation: A Transition in Mobility in Peru Part II: Ecological Perspectives 6. Hunter Mobility, Family Organisation and Change 7. Traditional and Modern Patterns of Circulation in Pastoral Nomads: The Duru’ of South-East Arabia 8. Vertical Circulation in Southern Ecuador 9. Seasonal Agricultural Circulation: The Strange Farmers of the Gambia Part III: Social Perspectives 10. The Avatime Family and Circulation 1900-77 11. International Migration as Circulation: Haitan Movement to the Bahamas 12. Religion and Circulation: Hindu Pilgrimage 13. Circulation and Schooling in East Africa 14. The Syndrome of Poverty and Wage Labour Circulation: The Indian Scene Part IV: Economic Perspectives 15. Settlement and Circulation in a Frontier Region: Illubabor Province, South-West Ethiopia 16. Circulation within Systems of Periodic and Daily Markets: the Case of Central Highland Ecuador 17. Town-City Circulation Among Young Yucatec Shoemakers 18. Is a Proletariat Emerging in Nairobi? 19. Differentials in Repeat and Return Migration in Thailand, 1965-70 20. New Polynesian Voyagers: Visitors, Workers and Migrants in New Zealand