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Cities and Disasters





ISBN 9781482247404
Published August 20, 2015 by CRC Press
303 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Cities and Disasters presents interdisciplinary and multinational perspectives on emergency management policy, economic development, and the various factors that affect the recovery process after natural disasters strike urban areas. The book has three central themes: policy, urbanity, and the interplay of events after disasters that affect the process of a community’s return to normalcy. It covers differing approaches to emergency management policy at local, state, and federal levels, as well as economic development and redevelopment issues in urban areas. It also analyzes the issues of race and ethnicity involved in urban disaster response and recovery plans.

The book looks at recent catastrophes such as Hurricane Katrina, Superstorm Sandy, and the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in East Japan. The case studies highlight the diverse challenges that communities face with regard to emergency planning and response. Given global climate change, rising sea levels, and the increasing impacts of disasters upon people, particularly in densely populated urban areas, there is a clear and urgent necessity to rethink issues involved in preparation methods for disasters and their aftermath. The analyses in Cities and Disasters help guide policymakers and policy actors in making decisions that strengthen communities for the future.

Table of Contents

MARGINALIZATION AND RECOVERY

Enhancing Community and Economic Development Postdisaster through the Increased Resilience of Women
Bridgette Cram and Jean-Claude Garcia-Zamor

Nonprofits and Disasters
Grace L. Chikoto

Country Mouse, City Mouse: Exploring the Differences in Rural and Urban Economic Recovery Postdisaster
Davia Cox Downey

TRANSPORTATION CONSIDERATIONS

Improving the City Resistance in War: Planning the Major Transportation Terminals Based on Passive Defense Considerations
Amir Shakibamanesh and Mahshid Ghorbanian

Return to a State of Nature, Compassionate Conservatism, Failed Response, and Its Impact on Race, Ethnicity, and the U.S. Economy: Hurricane Katrina Case Study
Antoinette S. Christophe and Michael O. Adams

RESILIENCE, COOPERATION, AND CITIZEN ATTITUDES

The Big Spill: Who Was to Blame and How Should Government Respond? Citizen Attitudes in the Aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon Spill in Coastal Alabama
Michael Howell-Moroney and Kent R. Kerley

How Government’s Actions after a Disaster Affect Long-Term Civic Engagement: Shifting Opportunity and Motivation for Civic Participation in Christchurch, New Zealand
Stephanie Hawke, Jillian Girard, and Jane Carr

Managing for Resilience across Multiple Scales of Action in Joplin, Missouri
Clayton Wukich, David E.A. Johnson, and Michael D. Siciliano

Vulnerabilities Magnified: A Closer Look at Disasters and Displacement
Ann-Margaret Esnard and Alka Sapat

PLANNING AND PATH DEPENDENCE

The Historical Aspect of Social Vulnerability in the Lower Ninth Ward
Nada Toueir

Building Back Tremé: Using PPGIS to Evaluate Neighborhood Stability
Michelle M. Thompson, Brittany N. Arceneaux, and Grace E. Major

Clustered and Community-Driven Housing Recovery: Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina to the Great East Japan Earthquake
Tamiyo Kondo

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Davia Cox Downey, PhD, is the MPA coordinator and an assistant professor of public administration at Grand Valley State University in Allendale, Michigan. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in local politics, public policy, and public administration and has authored and coauthored journal articles, book reviews, and book chapters. Her most recent publication, "Civic Culture in Ottawa: The Endurance of Local Culture," coauthored with Laura A. Reese and Raymond Rosenfeld, can be found in Comparative Civic Culture (Ashgate Publishing, 2012). She has also written "Disaster Recovery in Black and White: A Comparison of New Orleans and Gulfport," published by the American Review of Public Administration in 2014.

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Author - Davia Cox Downey
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Davia Cox Downey

MPA Coordinator and Assistant Professor, Grand Valley State University
Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

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Reviews

"This is an excellent book that provides several perspectives on and insights into a growing field of study." - W. J. Sproule, Michigan Technological University