Cities and Islamisms : On the Politics and Production of the Built Environment book cover
1st Edition

Cities and Islamisms
On the Politics and Production of the Built Environment

Edited By

Bülent Batuman

ISBN 9780429318382
Published December 21, 2020 by Routledge
166 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book sheds light on a particular facet of the link between politics and Islam through the analysis of the relationship between Islamism and the built environment. The relationship between Islam and politics has always been controversial, yet it has possibly never been as controversial as it is at the time of writing. This new edited volume sets out to explore the interactions between Islamisms and the built environment through issues such as: 

  • spatial negotiations between nation and Islam in the definition of national identity;
  • everyday spaces and the making of Islamic milieus;
  • the role of Islam in the making (and/or remaking) of state ideology via architecture and urban planning;
  • the influence of globalization and transnational links on the spatial manifestations of Islam(ism); and
  • transnational architectural exchanges through global Islam.

It expands on these issues through case studies analysing the role of the built environment and the urban realm as major media in the making of Islamist politics. The case studies incorporate manifestations in Muslim-dominated countries, including those where Islam has been at the heart of state ideology (Pakistan and Brunei), those with influential grassroots Islamist networks (pre-revolutionary Iran and Indonesia), those that identify with Islam through global exchanges (United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan and Turkey) and countries where Islam is an increasingly significant reference utilized by political actors (Algeria and Lebanon). 

This book will appeal to students and scholars of architecture, urban studies and cultural studies, as well as those interested in the social and political aspects of the built environment.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Contributors


Introduction Islamisms and the Built Environment: Notes for a Research Agenda

Bülent Batuman

Part 1 - Nations in Islam: Architecture across Borders

1. InterAsian Islamisms: Monumental Mosques and Modernity in Kazakhstan and Qatar

Natalie Koch

2. "Turkish House" Home and Abroad: Islamist Self-Orientalism and Architecture of Diplomacy

Bülent Batuman

Part 2- Official versus Vernacular: Dispute over Local Spaces of Worship

3. Performing Algerian Islam in Bouteflika’s policies: Reflections from the nationalization of Sufi zawiya

Valentina Fedele

4. Contesting Vision of Modernity? The case of Tanjung Bunut Mosque

Khairul Hazmi Zaini

Part 3 - Islamic Architectures of Nation Building

5. Representing "people" through Islamic Architecture in Pakistan

Farhan Karim

6. Is there moderation in ostentation? Architectural sectarianism and Lebanese Islamisms (2008-2018)

Ward Vloeberghs

Part 4 - Public Spaces / Islamist Subjectivities

7. Monument to an Alternate Islamist Movement: Hosseinyeh Ershad and its Legacy

Pamela Karimi & Saba Madani

8. Islamist Urbanism and Spatial Performances in Indonesia

Abidin Kusno


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Bülent Batuman is Associate Professor of Architecture at Bilkent University, with joint appointment in the Department of Urban Design and Landscape Architecture and the Department of Architecture. He studied at the Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey) and received his PhD in History and Theory of Art and Architecture from the State University of New York at Binghamton, USA. His research areas include social production and politics of the built environment, history and theory of modern architecture and urbanism, and urban politics. His current research focuses on the architectural politics of Islamism, and his latest book, New Islamist Architecture and Urbanism: Negotiating Nation and Islam through Built Environment in Turkey, was published by Routledge in 2018.