This volume critically engages with the phenomenon of civil militias in Africa, especially the nature of threats and challenges they pose to national and human security. It questions why the African political scene is increasingly inundated with the activities of civil militias, examines the socio-political and economic conditions that trigger and/or encourage and sustain the operations of civil militias, and investigates the dominant motivations of African civil militias. In the face of this complex security emergency, the volume conceptualizes and theorizes the phenomenon of civil militias; focuses the academic debate and policy on the links between civil militias and the growing cycle of state failure, instability, collapse and fragmentation in Africa; broadly and critically explores and expounds the short-term security consequences of the operations of civil militias; and articulates a corpus of policy-relevant knowledge. The book is ideally suited to courses on African studies, security and peace studies and military studies but would also be of interest to practitioners.
'An important collection of writings on a key aspect of security that has been markedly under-researched elsewhere, yet has implications that go well beyond Africa. What is particularly impressive is the remarkable wealth of experience that has been brought together in a single volume.' Paul Rogers, Bradford University, UK '…a major contribution to the field of African security and a very competent approach to a serious problem…The editor should be congratulated for putting together this valuable collection. Indeed, the volume is recommended to anyone interested in African peace and conflict as well as general African politics since it appears, regrettably, that militias are not going to go away any time soon.' International Affairs '…the book does bring up some important issues and provides useful information on specific movements.' African Affairs
Contents: Introduction, David J. Francis; Militias as a social phenomenon: towards a theoretical construction, Gani Joses Yoroms; The Kamajor Militia in Sierra Leone: liberators or Nihilists?, Joe Alie; The Egbesu and Bakassi boys: African spiritism and the mystical re-traditionalisation of security, Kenneth Omeje; Civil militias: Indonesia and Nigeria in comparative perspective, Ruben Thorning; Civil militias: threats to national and human security in West Africa, Istifanus Zabadi; Counter-insurgents or ethnic vanguards? civil militia and State violence in the Darfur Region, Western Sudan, Usman Tar; The 'Anti-Gang' civil militia in Cameroon and the threat to national and human security, Cage Banseka; Civil militias and militarisation of society in the Horn of Africa, Belachew Gebrewold; Protracted Civil War, civil militias and political transition in Uganda since 1986, A. Byaruhanga Rukooko; Mayi Mayi and Interahamwe Militias: threats to peace and security in the Great Lakes region, Mucharia Munene; Civil defence forces and challenges to post-conflict security challenges: international experiences and implications for Africa, Jeremy Ginifer and Hooman Peimani; Index.