Written over a thirty-five year career, the essays in Civilizing the Museum introduce students to the powerful, sometimes contested, and often unrealized notion that museums should welcome all because they house the collective memory of all.
Drawing on her experience working in and with museums in the US and throughout the world, Author Elaine Heumann Gurian explores the possibilities for making museums more central and relevant to society.
The twenty-two essays are organized around five main themes:
- museum definitions
- civic responsibility and social service
- architectural spaces
- spirituality and rationality.
And these themes address the elements that would make museums more inclusive such as:
- exhibition technique
- space configurations
- the personality of the director
- the role of social service
- power sharing
- types of museums
- the need for emotion humour and spirituality.
Without abandoning the traditional museum processes, Gurian shows how museums can honour tradition whilst embracing the new.
Enriched by her experience in groundbreaking museums, Gurian has provided a book that provokes thought, dialogue and action for students and professionals in the field to realize the inclusive potential of museums.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Acknowledgments, List of abbreviations, Introduction: reflections on 35 years in the museum field, PART I: The importance of “and”: about opportunities, possibilities, taxonomy, and definitions, 1. The concept of fairness: a debate at the American Association of Museums, 1990, 2. The importance of “and”: a comment on Excellence and Equity, 1992, 3. The molting of children’s museums? An observation, 1998, 4. What is the object of this exercise? A meandering exploration of the many meanings of objects in museums, 1999, 5. Choosing among the options: an opinion about museum definitions, 2002, 6. Timeliness: a discussion for museums, 2003, PART II: A safer place: museums in a civil society, 7. The museum as a socially responsible institution, 1988, 8. Turning the ocean liner slowly: about the process of change in larger institutions, 1990, 9. The opportunity for social service, 1991 8210. A savings bank for the soul: about institutions of memory and congregant spaces, 1996, PART III: Space, the final frontier: museums, construction, architecture, and space planning, 11. Function follows form: how mixed-used spaces in museums build community, 2001, 12. Threshold fear: architecture program planning, 2005, 13. Free at last: a case for the elimination of admission charges in museums, 2005, PART IV: Noodling around with exhibition opportunities: examining the process that influences them, 14. Answers to the ten questions I am most often asked: a review of exhibitions and learning, 1981, 15. Noodling around with exhibition opportunities: the potential meanings of exhibition modalities, 1991, 16. Let’s empower all those who have a stake in exhibitions: about the uses, meaning, and failings of the team approach, 1990, 17. Reluctant recognition of the superstar: a paean to individual brilliance, and how it operates, 1992, 18. A blurring of the boundaries, 1994, 19. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: history or metaphor? 1993, PART V: Spirituality: the end of the age of the rational, 20. A Jew among the Indians: how working outside of one’s own culture works, 1991, 21. Repatriation in context: the important changes brought to museums by indigenous communities, 1991, 22. Singing and dancing at night: a biographic meaning to working in the spiritual arena, 2004, Bibliography, Index
Heumann Gurian, Elaine
'Reading this book is like watching a time-lapse film, probably animated, of museums as seen from the inside. Gurian has collected her essays and past speeches into five broad discussions, each spanning many years and each revealing, not just philosophy, but practical actions.' - Journal of Management
'[Heumann Gurian is] an indispensible and eloquent champion of aligning museum practice with museum rhetoric ... this is a rich vein of thoughtful analysis and prescription, rooted in the realities of museum practice and illuminated with telling anecdotes and lessons from Gurian's career.' - Curator: The Museum Journal
'[Gurian] represents the social and moral conscience of the museum community ... The book is very much an invitation to a younger generation of practitioners to reflect on where museums have been and where they might be going, with the express desire that they might pick up the mantle and continue to fight the battle. It is an invitation to which we all should respond.' – Journal of the National Museum of Australia
'An excellent historical review... an important museological record.' - Visitor Studies