Using a gender-sensitive political economy approach, this book analyzes the emergence of new migration patterns between Central Mexico and the East Coast of the United States in the last decades of the twentieth century, and return migration during and after the global economic crisis of 2007.
Based on ethnographic research carried out over a decade, details of the lives of women and men from two rural communities reveal how neoliberal economic restructuring led to the deterioration of livelihoods starting in the 1980s. Similar restructuring processes in the United States opened up opportunities for Mexican workers to labor in U.S. industries that relied heavily on undocumented workers to sustain their profits and grow. When the Great Recession hit, in the context of increasingly restrictive immigration policies, some immigrants were more likely to return to Mexico than others. This longitudinal study demonstrates how the interconnections among class and gender are key to understanding who stayed and who returned to Mexico during and after the global economic crisis. Through these case studies, the authors comment more widely on how neoliberalism has affected the livelihoods and aspirations of the working classes.
This book will be of key interest to scholars, students and practitioners in migration studies, gender studies/politics, and more broadly to international relations, anthropology, development studies, and human geography.
1. Understanding Accelerated and Return Migration in Central Mexico: Migration, Class and Gender
2. Rural Central Mexico and the East Coast of the United States: Articulating Surplus Labor and Restructured Economies
3. Disarticulation of Agriculture, Transition to a Service Economy in the Sierra Norte of Puebla and Accelerated Migration to the Nuevo New South
4. "I was motivated to do everything": Undocumented ‘entrepreneurs of the self’ in New York
5. Commitment of a Migratory Flow and Return Migration in the Northern Sierra of Puebla
6. "In Zapotitlán, we won’t have to pay for so many things": The Great Recession, Return Migration and Social Reproduction
7. Economic Crisis and the Social Reproduction of Mexican Transnational Working Classes
Gender in a Global/Local World critically explores the uneven and often contradictory ways in which global processes and local identities come together. Much has been and is being written about globalization and responses to it but rarely from a critical, historical, gendered perspective. Yet, these processes are profoundly gendered albeit in different ways in particular contexts and times. The changes in social, cultural, economic and political institutions and practices alter the conditions under which women and men make and remake their lives. New spaces have been created - economic, political, social - and previously silent voices are being heard. North-South dichotomies are being undermined as increasing numbers of people and communities are exposed to international processes through migration, travel, and communication, even as marginalization and poverty intensify for many in all parts of the world. The series features monographs and collections which explore the tensions in a ’global/local world’, and includes contributions from all disciplines in recognition that no single approach can capture these complex processes.
Please contact one of the editors if you have a proposal for consideration:
Jane Parpart: [email protected]
Marianne H. Marchand: [email protected]
Rirhandu Mageza-Barthel: [email protected]