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Due to pressure from government regulations, the design and development of new manufacturing processes are shifting to pollution prevention and waste reduction at the source through the implementation of proper process and product design. Clean Technology incorporates ideas for pollution prevention/waste reduction at the early stages of process design and development. It covers guidelines for development projects, provides background information, and presents general principles for sound engineering together with pollution reduction alternatives. Industrial and hazardous waste, process engineering, energy systems, materials and product design, recycling, and biodegradability are among the subjects discussed. Market mechanisms, economy in production, and policy questions are also covered.
Clean Technology will be an important reference for environmental engineers, process and design engineers, consultants, students, and libraries. It provides engineers, consultants, and students with background and techniques for improved waste reduction and pollution control through proper engineering. It will also be a valuable textbook for advanced engineering programs that are working within today's environmental policies.
Table of Contents
2-LEVEL BACKGROUND. INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. RESOURCE LIMITATIONS. FORESTS. WATER. AIR.ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. THERMODYNAMICS. DEFINITIONS. EARTH AS A THERMODYNAMIC SYSTEM. THE THERMODYNAMICS OF THE TECHNOSYSTEM. THERMODYNAMICS AND ENERGY IN THE SOCIETY. THERMODYNAMICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. TOWARDS A THERMODYNAMICALLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. ENERGY. THE GLOBAL ENERGY SITUATION. THE ENERGY SYSTEM. FOSSIL ENERGY. Fuel Cells. RENEWABLE ENERGY. Biomass. Photovoltaics. Solar Thermal. Wind Energy. Future of Renewable Energy Production. Fusion. NET ENERGY ANALYSIS. Energy Breeders. ENGINEERING. SEPARATION. Supercritical Extraction. Membranes. Reverse Osmosis. Ultrafiltration. Elektrodialysis. Pervaporation. Liquid Membranes. Adsorption. Parametric Pumping. Biosorbents. Centralization/Decentralization/Integration. PROCESS DEVELOPMENT. Engineering. PHOTOCHEMISTRY. THERMOCHEMISTRY. ENERGY SAVING. ENERGY STORAGE. WASTE. INDUSTRIAL WASTE. HAZARDOUS WASTE. SYSTEM ANALYSIS. FLEXIBLE PROCESSES. TRANSPORT SECTOR. MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS. ECODESIGN. MATERIAL RECYCLING. BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS. Structural Factors Influencing Biodegradability. POLICY QUESTIONS. RISK ANALYSIS. ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS. Informational Group Meetings. On-Site Meetings. Plant Walk-Through. Alternative Methods. REGULATORY INSTRUMENTS. MARKET MECHANISMS. Subsidies. Market Creation. ENVIRONMENTAL LABELING. THE ECONOMY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS.