Clearing the Air
European Advances in Tackling Acid Rain and Atmospheric Pollution
This title was first published in 2002: The adoption of the 1999 Gothenburg Protocol within the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) and the 2001 EU National Emission Ceilings (NEC) directive has made for much stronger European air pollution policies. This volume offers the first in-depth analysis available of this key development. Central questions discussed include: -What role did the three new Green member states joining the EU in 1995 play in this development? -Will these significantly stronger policies only be followed by weaker implementation? -Why are the EU emission ceilings more ambitious than those of CLRTAP? -Do these more ambitious EU NEC emission ceilings and wider trends such as EU enlargement signal that CLRTAP is fading away as a central forum for European policy development? Decision makers, negotiators and international and non-governmental organizations will benefit from this book as it discusses important institutional issues. Students and academics will also find it extremely useful.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: the changing politics of European air pollution control; Studying European air pollution politics: the conceptual lenses; Background and baseline: European air pollution politics in the 1980s; CLRTAP’s significant leap forward in the 1990s: negotiating the 1999 Gothenburg Protocol; How the EU took up the challenge of acidification and smog in the 1990s: the acidification strategy and NEC directive; Comparing the EU and CLRTAP: explaining policy differences - and why they are so small; Implementing stronger European air pollution policies: will high hopes in Brussels and Geneva be dashed in London?; Summing up and looking ahead: constructive interplay between the EU and CLRTAP; Bibliography; Index.
Wolfgang Stolper: Studies of law at University of Berlin, and economics and law at University of Bonn, early 1930s. Harvard PhD (econ), mid-1930s. Professor of economics, University of Michigan, -1980 Founder-Director, Univ. of Michigan Center for Research on Economic Development . Visiting fellow, MIT Center for International Studies, 1958-59. Director, Economic Planning Unit, Federal Ministry of Economic Development, Gov't of Nigeria, 1960-62 Visiting fellow, Harvard University Center for International Affairs, 1962-63. Clive Gray: Harvard PhD (econ.), 1965. 1961-63 - assistant program economist, USAID/Nigeria 1964-67 - agriculture adviser, Ministry of Economic Planning, Kenya 1968-70 - Harvard team leader, National Planning Dept., Colombia 1971-72 - Harvard team leader, Planning Commission Office, Ethiopia 1972-76 - adviser, Ministry of Communications, Indonesia, and (from 1974) Harvard team leader, National Planning Dept. 1986-90 - Harvard team leader, Min. of Economic Affairs, Morocco 1970-2000 - Institute Fellow, Harvard Institute for International Development 2000-01 - Senior Fellow in Development, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
’This is a highly interesting first analysis of recent developments in the two main European air pollution fora - the CLRTAP and EU. Should be very useful for policy-makers, scientists, industrialists, environmentalists and journalists in Europe and beyond.’ Christer Ã…gren, Head of the NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain ’This book gives an excellent and groundbreaking analysis of recent successful CLRTAP policy-making in Europe which provides important examples for other regions of the world and other issue areas.’ Lars Nordberg, Secretary of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) 1991-2000 ’Wettestad provides a truly insightful analysis of the forces that allow for the strengthening of international environmental policies. Both scholars and practitioners will benefit from the careful analysis of how policy-makers in the European Union and the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution were able to improve environmental policy even as pollution control costs grew and environmental concern waned. The use of both static and dynamic comparisons should serve as a model for those interested in analyzing international environmental policy.’ Dr. Ronald B. Mitchell, Associate Professor, Political Science, University of Oregon, USA A must-read resource on 'Global Environmental Politics' in the Oxford Bibliographies Online International Relations module.