Due to the lack of success in climate change mitigation efforts, the importance of adaptation is becoming more and more apparent and is now one of the main imperatives of international research and action. However, research on adaptation is mostly not directly applicable to adaptation policy or practice, leaving a gap between scientific results and practical advice for decision makers and planners. This book seeks to address this problem and bridge the gap and should provide readers with practical and applicable information on climate change adaptation.
Following an introduction, the book is organised into four main sections, each reflecting an essential component in the adaptation process. Climate change adaptation is an emerging subject area and has gained increased political and academic attention within the last decade. Whereas most books in the field focus on adaptation in developing countries, this volume provides an examination of predominantly European policy and offers inter-disciplinary insight into cutting edge knowledge and lessons learnt in a relatively new field of implementation.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Introduction and Overview 1. Why this book and what can you find? 2. Background: Challenges of adaptation and guiding pinciples for good adaptation 3. Adaptation research - Where do we stand? 4. Adaptation policy and practice - Where do we stand? Part 2: How to prepare the ground for adaptation? 5 Explore potential climate change impacts and vulnerabilities and identify priority concerns 5.1 Regional vulnerbility assessment (including information on mapping) Mark Zebisch 5.2 Practical Guidance for vulnerability assessments at the regional and local scale (BalticClimate) Mattias Hjerpe 5.3 Identify priority concerns with a risk assessment for the Swiss NAS Roland Hohmann 6. Initiate adaptation, ensure commitment and management 6.1 The role of governments in adaptation: a comparison across Europe Reinhard Steurer and Anja Bauer 6.2 Building commitment for adaptation - the right place at the right time? Julian Wright 6.3 Initiating and sustaining adaption in the private sector Magnus Benzie and Oskar Wallgren 7. Build knowledge and awareness 7.1 Making climate change scenarios useful for regional adaptation plans in France Christian Pagé 7.2 Adaptation communication with business actors and the general public at metropolitan level - experiences from northwestern Germany Claudia Körner and Andreas Lieberum 7.3 Awareness on climate change adaptation in Denmark - how to address a target group Louise Grøndahl 8. Identify and cooperate with relevant stakeholders 8.1 Participation process for the development of national adaptation strategies: the Austrian example Andrea Prutsch and Therese Stickler 8.2 Stakeholder Involvement in Rural Areas - Examples from Brandenburg Andrea Knierim 8.3 ANCONA IS GETTING READY! How the City of Ancona is building its resilient profile throughout a participatory process Marco Cardinaletti Part 3: How to plan for adaption 9. Explore a wide spectrum of adaptaion options 9.1 Identifying and sorting adaptaion options Inke Schauser 9.2 Adaptation: what could it look like? Examples from the adaptation inspiration book Marjolein Pijnappels 9.3 Practical experiences with Adaptation Wizard 10. Prioritise adaptation options Megan Gawith 10.1 Prioritisation of adaptation options for The Netherlands: a multi-criteria analysis Ekko C. van Ierland, Karianne de Bruin and Rob B. Dellink 10.2 Economic Appraisal Paul Watkiss and Alistair Hunt 10.3 Prioritising actions using adaptation tipping points and adapation pathways M. Haasnott, J.C.J. Kwadijk and N. Asselman 11. Work with uncertainties 11.1 An adaptive approach to conservation management of Bosherton Lakes SAC in Wales Clive Walmsley and Tristan Hatton-Ellis 11.2 Robust decision making - Managing uncertainties in adapting water resource systems to a changing climate in England and Wales Suraje Dessai and Geoff J. Darch 11.3 Communication of uncertainties - recommendations from social science research Torsten Grothmann Part 4: How to implement adaptation and review success? 12 Avoid maladaptation 12.1 Climate change opportunities and sustainability Rob Swart and Marjoelein Pijnappels 12.2 Combining climate change mitigation and adaptation: green roofs in Basel, Switzerland Aleksandra Kazmierczak 12.3 A White Decay of Winter Tourism in Europe? Carmen de Jong 13 Modify existing policies, structures and processes 13.1 Climate change fitness of spatial planning in the Alpine space Marco Putz and Sylvia Kruse 13.2 Climate proofing of EU policies Sabine McCallum and Stephane Isoard 13.3 World's second northenmost captial region adapts to climate change - the Helsinki metropolitan adaptation strategy Lasse Peltonen, Leena Kopperoinen and Susanna Kankaanpää 14 Monitor and evaluate systematically 14.1 Asking the right questions: monitoring and evaluating adaptation Patrick Pringle 14.2 Adaptation indicators Jelle van Minnen, Mike Harley, Kaj van der Sandt and Willem Ligtvoet 14.3 French adaptation policy: the monitoring approach for the first adaptation Bertrand Reysset Part 5: State of the art outisde Europe 15. Adaptation experiences in other industrialized countries and developing countries 15.1 The State of the Art in Adaptation Science, Policy and Practice in the United States Richard H. Moss, Thomas J. Wilbanks and Sherry B. Wright 15.2 Doing it: getting science into Australian adaptation policy S. M. Howden and R. A. Nelson 15.3 Wise adaptation to climate change: Japan's case Makoto Tamura, Kazuya Yasuhara, Nobuo Shirai and Mitsuru Tanaka 15.4 Developing countries Kelly Levin 15.5 What are lessons learned for developing countries? A reflection on the transferability of adaptation knowledge Britta Horstmann 15.6 Lessons leanred and differences with Europe Part 6: Lessons learned and further needs for adaptation research, policy and practice 16. What we know - Lessons learnt from practical cases 16.1 How to realize 'good practice' in adaptation? 16.2 How to make adaptation happen? 17. What we don't know - Needs for future adaptation research, policy and practice
Andrea Prutsch is an adaptation policy advisor in the Department of Environmental Impact Assessment and Climate Change at the Environment Agency, Austria.
Torsten Grothmann is senior scientist at the Department of Ecological Economics, University of Oldenburg, Germany.
Sabine McCallum is Head of the Department of Environmental Impact Assessment and Climate Change at the Environment Agency, Austria.
Inke Schauser is an adaptation policy advisor in the Department of Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation (KomPass) at the Federal Environment Agency, Germany.
Rob Swart is coordinator of international climate change adaptation research at Alterra, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands.
This Climate Change Adaptation Manual presents a variety of adaptation approaches and practical experiences across Europe and provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in other continents. I am confident that this book will be useful to adaptation practitioners and of interest to all concerned by adaptation.
–Humberto Delgado Rosa, Director of Directorate C (Mainstreaming Adaptation and Low Carbon Technology), DG Climate Action, European Commission, Belgium
EEA is convinced that this publication strengthens the knowledge on adaptation to climate change and that it will support, for a wide range of stakeholders, related policy developments and their implementation.
–Hans Bruyninckx, Executive Director of the European Environment Agency, EEA, Denmark
This manual is very timely in offering practical guidance on relevant key issues for climate change adaptation. It makes an important contribution in supporting the implementation of high-quality adaptation strategies and measures.
–Michael Mullan, Team Leader – Climate Change Adaptation and Development, Environment Directorate, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), France
The Manual organizes its guidance around ten principles for adaptation that are broadly applicable in any region. The Manual makes abundantly clear that meaningful adaptation is possible, now, regardless of current uncertainty. It is critical reading for all who want to engage in reducing vulnerability to climate change, from practitioners to policy makers and researchers.
–Martin Parry, Grantham Institute and Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, UK