© 2010 – Routledge
Climate change is now recognised as one of the greatest challenges facing the international community and when coupled with energy production and use - the most significant contributor to climate change - and the related security problems the double threat to international security and human development is of the highest order.
This wide-ranging book brings together leading thinkers from academia, government and civil society to examine and address the global insecurity and development challenges arising from the twin thrust of climate change and the energy supply crunch.
Part one considers energy. It analyses the challenges of meeting future energy demands and the ongoing and future security-related conflicts over energy. Coverage includes security and development concerns related to the oil and gas, nuclear, bio-fuels and hydropower sectors, ensuring energy access for all and addressing sustainable consumption and production in both developed and rapidly industrializing countries such as India, China, Brazil and South Africa.
Part two analyses how climate change contributes to global insecurity and presents a consolidated overview of the potential threats and challenges it poses to international peace and development. Coverage includes future water scenarios including a focus on scarcity in the Middle East, food security, biodiversity loss, land degradation, the changing economics of climate change, adaptation and the special case of small island states.
The final part lays out the potential avenues and mechanisms available to the international community to address and avert climate and energy instability via the multilateral framework under the United Nations. It also addresses mechanisms for resource and knowledge transfer from industrialized to developing countries to ensure a low-carbon energy transition by focusing on the rapid deployment of clean energy technologies and ways to tackle income and employment insecurity created by the transition away from traditional energy sources.
This book offers the most comprehensive international assessment of the challenges and solutions for tackling the global insecurity arising from climate change and energy provision and use. It is essential reading for students, researchers and professionals across international relations, security, climate change and the energy sectors.
'We must treat climate as a security issue, the most important threat to global security we will ever face. Energy is at the heart of this transition. Climate security and energy security are two sides of the same coin: one cannot be achieved without the other. This book is an important contribution to exploring this vital part of the environmental security agenda.' – Maurice Strong, Secretary General of the Rio and Stockholm UN Conferences
'Climate and energy are two of the most urgent and formidable issues of our times. This seminal text comprehensively details our challenges and explains the ways in which they are inextricably linked to human rights and environmental stewardship.' – P. Simran Sethi, Associate Professor of Journalism and Mass Communcations, University of Kansas and Founding Writer/ Co-Host of Sundance Channel's environmental programming 'The Green'
'Should the massive stimulus packages mobilized by governments manage to revive somewhat the financial flows within and between countries, it would be quite disastrous for those who control the global economy to assume that business can simply limp back to its old ways. Even if the financial crisis were to be resolved so easily, the other crises - growing poverty, changing climate, depleting resources, vanishing species and peaking energy among them - will throw up another, redoubled financial crisis soon enough. The destruction of our land and ocean ecosystems over the past century with all its consequences for the energy, water and livelihood security of the world's people can only be halted if we understand and deal with the deeper, underlying systemic issues - which are the subject of this extremely important and timely book.' – Ashok Khosla, Chairman, Development Alternatives and President, IUCN and the Club of Rome
'There are many important chapters that make this an important book and one that should be used by those who teach in these issues and read by those who are responsible for addressing the challenges of peace, security and development' – Michael Bradshaw, University of Leicester
Foreword Achim Steiner UNEP Executive Director Part I: Energy Insecurity: Challenges to Future Energy Stability 1. The Challenge of Climate Change from a Developing Country 2. Energy Consumption Challenge of the Industrialised World 3. Oil: How Can Europe Kick the Habitat of Dependence? 4. The Nuclear Option 5. Bioenergy - Neither Golden Solution Nor Prescription for Disaster 6. Localised Energy Conflicts, Oil Sector Part II: Climate Insecurity: A Challenge to Peace, Security and Development 1. Creating a Climate of Security - The Latest Science and Acceptable Risk 2. Climate of Fear: Environment, Migration and Security 3. Changing Economics 4. Water Scenarios - 'The Unpredictable Flow' 5. Handling, or Nor Handling Food Security 6. Climate Change and Biodiversity Loss: The Great New Threats to Peace, Security and Development 7. Climate Change: A New Threat To Middle East Security 8. At The Water's Edge: Climate Justice, Small Islands And Sustainable Development Part III: Governing Climate and Energy Instability: Avenues for Preventative Diplomacy 1. Climate Risks and Insecurities 2. A Multilateral System for Human and Environmental Security: What Roles for Existing Institutions? 3. Who Decides? The Role of the United Nations and Security Council in Addressing Climate and Energy Insecurity 4. Financing the Low Carbon Transition in Developing Countries: The Role of Multi-Lateral Development Banks 5. European Union Response to the Challenge 6. Sub-National Climate Change Action Model for the World 7. A Green New Deal: Poverty Reduction and Economic Stability in a Carbon Constrained World 8. Energy, Climate Change & Human Security: The Trade Union Challenge 9. What Is a Credible Corporate Response to Climate Change? 10. Taking Action - Financing the Technology Challenge