Global climatic change has resulted in new and unpredictable patterns of precipitation and temperature, the increased frequency of extreme weather events and rising sea levels. These changes impact all four aspects of food security – availability, accessibility, stability of supply and appropriate nourishment – as well as the entire food system – food production, marketing, processing, distribution and prices.
Climate Change and Food Security focuses on the challenge to food security posed by a changing climate. The book brings together many of the critical global concerns of climate change and food security through local cases based on empirical studies undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Focusing on risk reduction and the complex nature of vulnerability to climate change, the book includes chapters on the responsiveness of farmers based on traditional knowledge, as well as the critical phenomenon of food insecurity in the urban setting. Other chapters are devoted to efforts made to strengthen resilience through long-term development, with interventions at the regional and national levels of scale. It also examines cross-cutting themes that underlie the strategies employed to achieve food security, including equity, gender, livelihoods and governance.
This edited volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of climate change, food security, environmental management and sustainable development.
Introduction: The Interface of Climate Change and Food Security Elizabeth Thomas-Hope
PART I: Trends in Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean
1. Trends in Climate Change in AfricaWalter Leal Filho, Isaac Kow Tetteh, Haruna Moda Musa
2. Climate Change and the Caribbean: Trends and Implications Michael A. Taylor, Jhordanne J. Jones and Tannecia S. Stephenson
PART II: Rural Livelihoods and Adaptive Responses to Climate Change
3. Assessing the Vulnerability of Caribbean Farmers to Climate Change Impacts: A Comparative Study of Cocoa Farmers in Jamaica and Trinidad Kevon Rhiney, Anton Eitzinger, Aidan Farrell, Michael Taylor
4. Liquid Gold or Poverty in a Cup? The Vulnerability of Blue Mountain and High Mountain Coffee Farmers in Jamaica to the Effects of Climate Change Anne-Teresa Birthwright
5. Climate Change Adaptations by Smallholder Farmers in Northern Nigeria to Enhance Food Security Adamu Idris Tanko
6. Small-Holder Adaptations to Climate Change: Dynamics, Constraints and Priorities of Coastal Guyana Linda Johnson-Bhola
7. Perceptions of Changing Climatic Conditions in Rural Kano, Nigeria: Effects on Harvests and Farmers’ Adaptive Coping StrategiesHalima Abdulkadir Idris
8. Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Climate Change: Strategies for Food Security Among Female Farmers in Rural JamaicaAyesha Constable
9. Flirting with Food Security: Resilience in the Face of Conflict, Climate Change and Communicable Diseases in Rural Sierra Leone Jerram Bateman, Tony Binns, Etienne Nel
PART III: Urban Food Systems and Governance in the Context of Climate Change
10. Climate Change, Food and the City: Agency and Urban Scale Food System Networks Gareth Haysom
11. Urban Food Deserts in Cape Town: Food Security, Food Access and Climate Change Mary Caesar, Jonathan Crush
12. Food Insecurity in the Context of Climate Change in Maputo City, Mozambique: Challenges and Coping Strategies Inês M. Raimundo
PART IV: Strengthening Resilience for Enhancing Food Security in the Context of Climate Change
13. Global Biomass Rush: Land Grabbing, Food Security and Socio-Political Stability of Sub-Saharan Africa Akunne Okoli
14. Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EbA) as a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in Burkina Faso and Mali Kennedy Muthee, Cheikh Mbow, Geoffrey Macharia, Walter Leal Filho
15. Micro-insurance in Disaster Risk Reduction: A Strategy for Enhancing Domestic Food Security in CARICOM Countries Balfour Spence