Drawn from issues discussed at the 1992 Earth Summit, this volume of essays addresses the most strategic questions and challenges to scientists and policymakers on the important subject of climate change. Sponsored by CICERO (Center for International Climate and Energy Research-Oslo), a policy research foundation of the University of Oslo, the book features an international cast of environmental, science, and policy experts who assess implications, strengths, and limitations of the Rio Convention while considering how best to meet the challenge that atmospheric pollution poses worldwide. Issues covered include: the spread of beneficial technology and the competence required in developing countries; improving inventories of greenhouse gases; calculating the most effective mix of measures, nationally and regionally; meeting future energy needs for countries with different economic structures while limiting emissions of greenhouse gases.
Introduction -- Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer and Capacity Building in Africa: Strengthening Incentive Systems -- National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and Other Information to Implement the Framework Convention on Climate Change -- Climate Change Policies in Developing Countries and the Role of Multilateral Institutions -- Meeting the Demand for Energy in Major Developing Countries in Asia With Lower Emissions: What Support May Be Provided by the New Regime? -- Socially Efficient Abatement of Carbon Emissions -- Progress in the Absence of Substantive Joint Decisions? Notes on the Dynamics of Regime Formation Processes -- The Legal Status of the Commitments in the Convention on Climate Change and the Need for Future Revisions -- Efficient Abatement of Different Greenhouse Gases -- The Need for Cost-Effectiveness and Flexible Implementation of the Climate Convention and Subsequent Protocols -- How Important Are Carbon Cycle Uncertainties? -- The Contribution From Emissions of Different Gases to the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect