1st Edition

Clinical 3D Dosimetry in Modern Radiation Therapy

Edited By Ben Mijnheer Copyright 2018
    696 Pages 46 Color & 100 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    696 Pages 46 Color & 100 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    696 Pages 46 Color & 100 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book provides a first comprehensive summary of the basic principles, instrumentation, methods, and clinical applications of three-dimensional dosimetry in modern radiation therapy treatment. The presentation reflects the major growth in the field as a result of the widespread use of more sophisticated radiotherapy approaches such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy and proton therapy, which require new 3D dosimetric techniques to determine very accurately the dose distribution. It is intended as an essential guide for those involved in the design and implementation of new treatment technology and its application in advanced radiation therapy, and will enable these readers to select the most suitable equipment and methods for their application. Chapters include numerical data, examples, and case studies.

    Part I Introduction

    Chapter 1 Introduction and overview of the contents of the book

    Ben Mijnheer

    Chapter 2 Accuracy requirements for 3D dosimetry in contemporary radiation therapy

    Jacob Van Dyk, Jerry J. Battista, and Glenn S. Bauman

    Part II Instrumentation

    Chapter 3 Detectors for reference dosimetry

    Simon Duane and Ben Mijnheer

    Chapter 4 Point detectors for determining and verifying 3D dose distributions

    Chester Reft

    Chapter 5 Polymer gel dosimetry

    Yves De Deene

    Chapter 6 Radiochromic 3D detectors

    Mark Oldham, Titania Juang, and Suk Whan Yoon

    Chapter 7 Electronic Portal Imaging Device (EPID) dosimetry

    Boyd McCurdy, Peter Greer, and James Bedford

    Chapter 8 2D and semi-3D dosimetry systems

    Donald A. Roberts, Kelly C. Younge, and Jean M. Moran

    Part III Measurement and Computation

    Chapter 9 Small field dosimetry in photon beams

    Indra J Das and Paolo Francescon

    Chapter 10 Special delivery techniques

    Tomas Kron

    Chapter 11 4D dosimetry

    Emma Colvill, Jeremy Booth, and Paul Keall

    Chapter 12 Light-ion beam dosimetry

    Hugo Palmans

    Chapter 13 Monte Carlo applications in clinical 3D dosimetry

    Indrin J. Chetty and Joanna E. Cygler

    Chapter 14 Quantifying differences in dose distributions

    David Westerly and Moyed Miften

    Part IV Clinical Applications

    Chapter 15 Acceptance testing, commissioning, and QA of linear accelerators

    Michael Altman and Eric Klein

    Chapter 16 Commissioning and QA of treatment planning systems

    Nesrin Dogan, Ivaylo B. Mihaylov, and Matthew T. Studenski

    Chapter 17 Patient specific QA: pre-treatment 3D dose verification

    Dietmar Georg, Catharine H. Clark, and Mohammad Hussein

    Chapter 18 Patient specific QA: in vivo 3D dose verification

    Ben Mijnheer

    Chapter 19 Audits using end-to-end tests

    David S. Followill, Catharine H. Clark, and Tomas Kron

    Chapter 20 Brachytherapy dosimetry in three dimensions

    J. Adam M. Cunha, Christopher L. Deufel, and Mark J. Rivard

    Chapter 21 Dose outside the treatment volume in external beam therapy

    Stephen Kry, Rebecca Howell, and Bryan Bednarz

    Chapter 22 Imaging dose in radiation therapy

    Jonathan Sykes, Parham Alaei, and Emiliano Spezi

    Chapter 23 Dose verification of proton and carbon ion beam treatments

    Katia Parodi

    Part V Emerging Technological Developments

    Chapter 24 Dosimetry of small animal precision irradiators

    Frank Verhaegen and Dietmar Georg

    Chapter 25 3D dosimetry in synchrotron radiation therapy techniques

    Elke Bräuer-Krisch

    Chapter 26 3D dosimetry in magnetic fields

    Geoffrey S. Ibbott, Gye Won (Diane) Choi, Hannah Jungeun Lee, Yvonne Roed, and

    Zhifei Wen


    Ben Mijnheer got his PhD at the University of Amsterdam on a study concerning standardization of neutron dosimetry. After working on a neutron therapy project in the Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI) in Amsterdam, he joined this institution as a clinical physicist. Later he became Head of the Physics Department, Professor at Inholland University, and is until now involved in research projects and teaching activities at the NKI. He served for many years on the editorial board of Radiotherapy and Oncology and Medical Physics Journal, is (co-)-author of about 250 articles and chapters in books, and was supervisor of about 25 PhD theses. He was involved in the organisation of the physics programme of many international scientific meetings, and faculty member of numerous courses dealing with various aspects of radiotherapy for medical physicists, radiation oncologists and radiation therapists, both at the national and international level. He received the ESTRO Breur Gold Medal and Emmanuel van der Schueren Award.

    "[...] I soon realized the wealth of this book: It is a tremendous collection, discussion and summary of important publications and works covering a huge area of dosimetry up to a so far unknown completeness. It is certaily an excellent starting point to either get a first overview on selected aspects or, in my opinion the bigger wealth, to close gaps which may be there after already working on the topic and having first experiences."
    -Bjoern Poppe, in Z. Med. Physics, 2019

    “The authors have successfully addressed the most common aspects of radiotherapy physics instrumentation, methods, and processes from an educational and a practical perspective, while expanding into new technologies and future developments. … I would strongly recommend this textbook to any radiation therapy technology medical physics training program, graduate degree program, and anyone who is interested in learning what new technologies and applications are available in radiotherapy clinical dosimetry and detection. … The text includes a wealth of important information, data and guidance that can be beneficial to medical physics residents, graduate students in radiotherapy physics, researchers and clinical professionals that may need a modern reference. I will personally add this to my teaching materials on radiation measurements and detection course ….”
    -Dimitris Mihailidis, in Medical Physics, January 2020

    “The current book turns out to be an exceptionally good one….This book addresses the needs of all medical physicists not only those who are working in clinics but also those who are engaged in teaching and research by providing one comprehensive reference resource on the subject, and I am sure no one referring to this book will go disappointed in not finding the information what he/she wanted. … The first thing that strikes the reader is the comprehensiveness of the book – there is practically nothing related to 3D dosimetry that has been left out. It discusses everything under the umbrella of 3D dosimetry in complete justification to its title. … Overall, the book is a valuable addition to the series. I am an avid reader of this series and personally feel that this book is certainly one of the best among all its titles. I strongly recommend to every clinical physicist, researcher, and medical physics teacher to acquire this book.”
    -Tharmarnadar Ganesh, in the Journal of Medical Physics, April 2019

    "A book on your desk is only more useful than a Google search when it is both well structured and stikes the balance between being all encompassing and going beyond relevance. I’ve found that "Clinical 3D Dosimetry in Modern Radiotherapy" edited by Ben Mijnheer achieves this balance nicely. The evolution of 3D dosimetry in radiotherapy over the past 20 years is far more a tumbleweed of innovation mixed with pragmatism, than a neat, uniformly organized fabric of knowledge. Yet the opportunity to sit and browse through a book which has all the necessary ideas sorted and clearly explained is a blessing for anyone with an interest in radiotherapy physics. Mijnheer has collected the best minds from around the world to cover the various sub-categories falling under the 3D dosimetry umbrella. … I found that the book successfully fills the gap in teaching material for this specialty of medical physics. From students getting a grip on basic concepts, to mid-career physicists needing a brush-up to experts looking for a reference for overview lectures, this is an ideal resource. In summary, [this book] is an excellent resource for any medical physicist. It provides a compilation of facts, issues, arguments, theory and practical clinical examples, from a wide cross-section of the internation expert dosimetry community."
    AFOMP Newsletter, January 2019

    "If you buy the hardcopy version, this is a large, heavy book offering a thorough overview of the current status of 3D dosimetry for those in working in clinical radiotherapy. …. Editor-in-Chief Ben Mijnheer has recruited an impressive team authors, all international experts in their area of radiation dosimetry. … [T]his is a comprehensive text on 3D dosimetry, aimed at a clinical scientific audience. … [I]t is a very solid and comprehensive textbook, and has little competition."
    —Dr Mark McJury, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, IPEM Scope, September 2018

    "…Of particular interest are the sections dealing with small field dosimetry. This is a challenging task that has become very important with the introduction of IMRT, where the resulting dose distribution is built up from a large number of small beamlets. The book gives a very useful overview of instrumentation and correction factors for different detectors. … Many of the measuring techniques for 3D dosimetry also require modelling techniques for reconstruction, evaluation and comparison with calculated dose distributions. The book therefore presents an overview of dose calculation models used for treatment planning and evaluation tools for dose comparisons. Although written mainly for medical physicists, this book is of interest also for other professions and is therefore highly recommended both for clinically active newcomers and veterans. …."
    —Anders Montelius, Uppsala University, in Acta Oncologica, June 2018

    "An impressive array of expert contributors helps make this a comprehensive and unique compilation of information on current radiotherapy dosimetry…. this book provides a vast amount of useful information for anyone concerned with RT dosimetry." 
    Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine, August 2018