This is a book about the tensions and entangled interactions between internationalism and nationalism, and about the effects both had on European scientific and cultural settings from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. From chemistry to philology the essays tackle different historical case studies exploring how the paths taken by science and culture during the period were affected by nationalism and internationalism.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors
1. (Inter)Nationalism, science and culture: Disruptions and entanglements from the mid–nineteenth to the mid–twentieth century. An introduction
Fernando Clara and Cláudia Ninhos
2. The politics of interwar chemistry. Neutrality and nationalism in the rhetoric and actions of internationalist chemists
3. "Mon Cher Ami": Curators, archaeological museums and the formation of an international knowledge transfer network
Jason R. Young
4. The nineteenth century Leipzig book industry and the pan–European trade of foreign–language editions before copyright law
5. Non–state engineers in the making of a stateless nation: Techno–nationalism in Catalonia (Spain), 1929–1939
6. Conflicting influences in António Câmara’s making of the National Agronomic Station
João P. R. Joaquim
7. The nationalization of the Portuguese landscape: Landscape architecture, road engineering and the making of the Estado Novo dictatorship
Cláudia Ninhos and Luísa Sousa
8. Ethnography and the construction of Jewish identity
9. Relocating knowledge: From international science to national philology
Cláudia Ninhos is Researcher at the New University of Lisbon, Portugal.
Fernando Clara is Professor of German Culture at the New University of Lisbon, Portugal.