Dynamic and productive ecosystems, coastal lagoons play an important role in local economies and often bear the brunt of coastal development, agricultural, and urban waste, overuse from fisheries, aquaculture, transportation, energy production, and other human activities. The features that make coastal lagoons vital ecosystems underline the importance of sound management strategies for long-term environmental and resource sustainability. Written by an internationally renowned group of contributors, Coastal Lagoons: Critical Habitats of Environmental Change examines the function and structure of coastal lagoonal ecosystems and the natural and anthropogenic drivers of change that affect them.
The contributors examine the susceptibility of coastal lagoons to eutrophication, the indicators of eutrophic conditions, the influences of natural factors such as major storms, droughts and other climate effects, and the resulting biotic and ecosystem impairments that have developed worldwide. They provide detailed descriptions of the physical-chemical and biotic characteristics of diverse coastal lagoonal ecosystems, and address the environmental factors, forcing features, and stressors affecting hydrologic, biogeochemical, and trophic properties of these important water bodies. They also discuss the innovative tools and approaches used for assessing ecological change in the context of anthropogenically- and climatically-mediated factors. The book investigates the biogeochemical and ecological responses to nutrient enrichment and other pollutants in lagoonal estuaries and compares them to those in other estuarine types.
With editors among the most noted international scholars in coastal ecology and contributors who are world-class in their fields, the chapters in this volume represent a wide array of studies on natural and anthropogenic drivers of change in coastal lagoons located in different regions of the world. Although a significant number of journal articles on the subject can be found in the literature, this book provides a single-source reference for coastal lagoons within the arena of the global environment.
Table of Contents
Coastal Lagoons: Critical Habitats of Environmental Change, M.J. Kennish and H. Paerl
Assessing the Response of the Pamlico Sound, North Carolina, USA to Human and Climatic Disturbances: Management Implications, H. W. Paerl, B. L. Peierls, N. S. Hall, A. R. Joyner, R. R. Christian, J. D. Bales, and S. R. Riggs
Sources and Fates of Nitrogen in Virginia Coastal Bays, I.C. Anderson, J.W. Stanhope, A.K. Hardison, and K.J. McGlathery
Ecosystem Health Indexed through Networks of Nitrogen Cycling, R. R. Christian, C. M. Voss, C. Bondavalli, P. Viaroli, M. Naldi, A. C. Tyler, I. C. Anderson, Karen J. McGlathery, R. E. Ulanowicz, and V. Camacho-Ibar
Blooms in Lagoons: Different from Those of River-Dominated Estuaries, P.M. Glibert, J.N. Boyer, C.A. Heil, C. Madden, B. Sturgis, and C.S. Wazniak
Relationship between Macroinfaunal Diversity and Community Stability, and a Disturbance Caused by a Persistent Brown Tide Bloom in Laguna Madre, Texas, P.A. Montagna, R.D. Kalke, M.F. Conley, and D.A. Stockwell
The Choptank Basin in Transition: Intensifying Agriculture, Slow Urbanization, and Estuarine Eutrophication, T.R. Fisher, A.B. Gustafson, A.I. Koskelo, R.J. Fox, T. Kana, K.A. Beckert, J.P. Stone, T.E. Jordan, K.W. Staver, A.J. Sutton, and G. McCarty and M. Lang
Seagrass Decline in New Jersey Coastal Lagoons: A Response to Increasing Eutrophication, M.J. Kennish, S.M. Haag, and G.P. Sakowicz
Controls Acting on Benthic Macrophyte Communities in a Temperate and a Tropical Estuary, S.E. Fox, I. Valiela, Y.S. Olsen, and M. Teichberg
Phase Shifts, Alternative Stable States, and the Status of Southern California Lagoons, P. Fong and R.L. Kennison
Lagoons of the Nile Delta, A.J. Oczkowski and S.W. Nixon
Origins and Fate of Inorganic Nitrogen from Land to Coastal Ocean on the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, T. Mutchler, R. F. Mooney, S. Wallace, K. H. Dunton, L. Podsim, and S. Fredriksen
Subtropical Karstic Coastal Lagoon Assessment, SE Mexico: The Yucatan Peninsula Case, J.A. Herrera-Silveira and S.M. Morales-Ojeda
Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Planktonic Microbes in a Mesotidal Coastal Lagoon (Ria Formosa, SE Portugal): Impact of Climatic Changes and Local Human Influences, A.B. Barbosa
A Comparison of Eutrophication Processes in Three Chinese Subtropical Semienclosed Embayments with Different Buffering Capacities, K. Yin, J. Xu, and P.J. Harrison
The Wadden Sea: A Coastal Ecosystem under Continuous Change, C.J.M. Philippart and H.G. Epping
The Patos Lagoon Estuary: Biotic Responses to Natural and Anthropogenic Impacts in the Last Decades (1979–2008), C. Odebrecht, P.C. Abreu, C.E. Bemvenuti, M. Copertino, J.H. Muelbert, J.P. Vieira, and U. Seeliger
Structure and Function of Warm Temperate East Australian Coastal Lagoons: Implications for Natural and Anthropogenic Changes, B.D. Eyre and D. Maher
Response of Venice Lagoon Ecosystem to Natural and Anthropogenic Pressures over the Last 50 Years, C. Solidoro, V. Bandelj, F. A. Bernardi, E. Camatti, S. Ciavatta, G. Cossarini, C. Facca, P. Franzoi, S. Libralato, D. M. Canu, R. Pastres, F. Pranovi, S. Raicevich, G. Socal, A. Sfriso, M. Sigovini, D. Tagliapietra, and P. Torricelli
Effect of Freshwater Inflow on Nutrient Loading and Macrobenthos Secondary Production in Texas Lagoons, P.A. Montagna and J. Li
One of the advantages of a book of this nature is that it brings together the recent work of leading experts in the field of coastal lagoon research into one volume. Although each chapter tends to focus on a particular system or aspect of research within this field, the major findings of these chapters are neatly summarized by the editors who also provide an overview of the knowledge and challenges that face scientists and managers who work in these important and often highly impacted ecosystems.
—Alan K. Whitfield, Chief Scientist, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), in Marine Biology Research, 2011; 7: 416--417