Coastal watershed counties make up less than 20 percent of the total U.S. land area, yet they are home to more than half the nation’s population. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Coastal Population Report, these counties are already more than three times as densely populated as the rest of the country, and they are projected to add at least another 15 million people by 2020. How can coastal communities balance the competing demands of these dynamic environments and the people who live there? And what happens to that balance as climate change shifts the landscape?
This authoritative new report gives planners the tools they need to keep their heads above water and their feet on the ground. Chapters cover the broad expanse of coastal activities and uses, from preservation to recreation, tourism to transportation, industry to infrastructure. Specialists explore essential issues such as water quality, erosion, habitat conservation, stormwater management, responsible development and redevelopment, offshore energy development, and the promise—and limitations—of new geospatial technologies.
Part 1: Essential Facts About Coastlines 1. Population 2. Measuring Population 3. The Coastal Economy 4. Housing, Tourism, and Recreation 5. Transportation and Ports 6. Human Impacts on Coastal Zones 7. Overview of This Report Part 2: The Nature of Coasts And Climate-Change Threats 1. The Physical Elements of Coasts 2. Climate Change Impacts on Coastlines Part 3: Federal and State Coastal Zone Management Programs 1. Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 2. National Flood Insurance Program 3. Other Federal Programs 4. State Coastal Zone Management Programs 5. Federal And State Programs: An Overview Part 4: Local Coastal Zone Management Planning 1. Coastal and Waterfront Planning: An Overview 2. Adaptation and Resilience Planning Part 5: Great Lakes Coastal Zone Management Programs Part 6: Conclusion: Principles of Effective Planning in Coastal Zones 1. Ensuring Environmental Quality 2. Reducing Risks 3. Developing and Redeveloping Responsibly 4. Ensuring Equitable Access 5. Managing Stormwater and Watersheds Effectively 6. Engaging and Educating Stakeholders 7. Collaborating Across Disciplines, Sectors, and Levels of Government