Cognition and Tool Use: Forms of Engagement in Human and Animal Use of Tools, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Cognition and Tool Use

Forms of Engagement in Human and Animal Use of Tools, 1st Edition

By Christopher Baber

CRC Press

192 pages

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Hardback: 9780415277280
pub: 2003-07-24
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Description

The ability to use tools is a distinguishing feature of human beings. It represents a complex psychomotor activity that we are only now beginning to comprehend. Robust new theoretical accounts allow us to better understand how people use tools and explain differences in human and animal tool use from the perspective of cognitive science.

Our understanding needs to be grounded upon research into how people use tools, which draws upon many disciplines, from ergonomics to anthropology to cognitive science to neuropsychology. Cognition and Tool Use: Forms of Engagement in Human and Animal Use of Tools presents a single coherent account of human tool use as a complex psychomotor activity. It explains how people use tools and how this activity can succeed or fail, then describes the design and development of usable tools. This book considers contemporary tool use in domains such as surgery, and considers future developments in human-computer interfaces, such as haptic virtual reality and tangible user interfaces.

No other single text brings together the research from the different disciplines, ranging from archaeology and anthropology to psychology and ergonomics, which contribute to this topic. Graduate students, professionals, and researchers will find this guide to be invaluable.

Reviews

"Whilst sets of guidelines for design of handles etc. are readily available within the ergonomics literature, Baber summarizes much of this material succinctly and usefully within the book. … In sum, this is a useful, interesting, and entertaining read that draws upon a wide literature to embed an analysis of an ancient … human activity within a theoretical framework. … [I]t is a refreshing to review a book that has such wide appeal and relevance. It is easy to imagine the book being useful to development psychologists, archaeologists, or ethologists almost as much as to ergonomists. "

- Ergonomics, Vol. 48, No. 4, March 2005

Table of Contents

Introduction

Introduction

What Is a Tool?

Tools as "Augmentation Means"

Everyday Cognition

Forms of Engagement

The Structure of the Book

How Animals Use Tools

Introduction

Tool Use by Invertebrates and Fish

Tool Use by Birds

Tool Use by Mammals

Motor Engagement: Pre-Adaptive or Goal-Directed?

Discussion

Tool Use by Primates and Young Children

Introduction

Tool Use by Chimpanzee Observed in the Wild

Tool Use by Other Primates Observed in the Wild

Primate Tool Use in Captivity

Primate and Human Infant Development

Cultural Engagement

Discussion

The Making of Tools

Introduction

Making Stone Tools

Studies of Primates Working Stone

Types of Stone Tool

Cultural Engagement

Discussion

Working with Tools

Introduction

Tacit Knowledge

Forms of Engagement

Discussion

The Design of Tools

Introduction

Anthropometry of the Human Hand

Properties of Tools

Using Tools: Posture, Balance, and Activity

Basic Principles of Tool Design

The Semantics of Tools

Introduction

Product Semantics

Signifying Form

Aesthetics

Signifying Function

Signifying Operation

Tools as "objects to think with"

Cultural Significations

Physical Tools/Cognitive Tools

Discussion

How Tool Use Breaks Down

Introduction

Human Error

Accidents and Injuries when Using Tools

Tool Use and Motor Impairment

Apraxia

Discussion

Cognitive Artifacts

Introduction

Artifacts and Human Performance

Activity Flow

Tools as Cognitive Artifacts

Discussion

Tools in the Twenty-First Century

Introduction

Divisions of Labor/Allocation of Function

Virtual Tools

Real Objects in Virtual Space

Discussion

Towards a Theory of Tool Use

Introduction

Cognition

Environmental and Morphological Engagement: Types of

Affordance

Motor Engagement: Task Specific Devices

Perceptual Engagement: Interpreting Feedback

Cognitive Engagement: Cognitive Schema

Cultural Engagement: Representing Activity

Discussion

Conclusions

Introduction

Forms of Engagement

Contrasting Animal with Human Tool Use

Developing a Theory of Tool Use

Relating Schema to Forms of Engagement

Influencing Design

Discussion

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety