2nd Edition

Cognitive Illusions
Intriguing Phenomena in Judgement, Thinking and Memory

Edited By

Rüdiger F Pohl

ISBN 9781138903425
Published August 2, 2016 by Psychology Press
504 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations

USD $66.95

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Book Description

Cognitive Illusions explores a wide range of fascinating psychological effects in the way we think, judge and remember in our everyday lives. Featuring contributions from leading researchers, the book defines what cognitive illusions are and discusses their theoretical status: are such illusions proof for a faulty human information-processing system, or do they only represent by-products of otherwise adaptive cognitive mechanisms? Throughout the book, background to phenomena such as illusions of control, overconfidence and hindsight bias are discussed, before considering the respective empirical research, potential explanations of the phenomenon, and relevant applied perspectives. Each chapter also features the detailed description of an experiment that can be used as classroom demonstration.

Featuring six new chapters, this edition has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect recent research and changes of focus within the field.

This book will be of interest to students and researchers of cognitive illusions, specifically, those focusing on thinking, reasoning, decision-making and memory.


Table of Contents

Introduction Cognitive illusions

Rüdiger F. Pohl

I. Thinking

1. Conjunction fallacy

John E. Fisk

2. Base-rate neglect

Gordon Pennycook & Valerie A. Thompson

3. Probability matching

Ben R. Newell & Christin Schulze

4. Framing

Anton Kühberger

5. Confirmation bias – Myside bias

Hugo Mercier

6. Illusory correlation

Klaus Fiedler

7. Illusions of control

Suzanne C. Thompson

8. Wason selection task

Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

9. Belief bias in deductive reasoning

Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

II. Judgment

10. Availability

Rolf Reber

11. Judgments by representativeness

Karl H. Teigen

12. Anchoring effect

Štěpán Bahník, Birte Englich, & Fritz Strack

13. Validity effect Catherine

Hackett Renner

14. Mere exposure effect

Robert F. Bornstein & Catherine Craver-Lemley

15. Halo effects

Joseph P. Forgas & Simon M. Laham

16. Overconfidence

Ulrich Hoffrage

17. Pollyanna principle

Margaret W. Matlin

III. Memory

18. Revelation effect

André Aßfalg

19. Survival processing effect

Meike Kroneisen & Edgar Erdfelder

20. Labelling and overshadowing effects

Rüdiger F. Pohl

21. Associative memory illusions

Henry L. Roediger, III, & David A. Gallo

22. Misinformation effect

Jacquie Pickrell, Dawn-Leah McDonald, Daniel M. Bernstein, & Elizabeth F. Loftus

23. Hindsight bias

Rüdiger F. Pohl & Edgar Erdfelder

24. Retrieval-induced forgetting

Oliver Kliegl & Karl-Heinz T. Bäuml

IV. Extensions

25. Suggestion and cognitive illusions

Günter Molz & Rüdiger F. Pohl

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Rüdiger F Pohl is Professor of Psychology at the University of Mannheim, Germany. His research interests include cognitive illusions, heuristics and decision making, and autobiographical memory.