Over the past 15 years there have been significant advances in cognitive analysis of many neuropsychological syndromes. In such analyses, investigators aim to understand cognitive deficits in terms of impairments to particular processes within a model of normal cognitive performance. In addition, evidence from cognitive impairments can be used to help constrain theories of normal performance. However, until recently cognitive neuropsychological analyses had made little penetration of clinical rehabilitation practice. This situation is now beginning to change, though, as in several areas of study, clinical practitioners use cognitive models and cognitive neuropsychological analyses to guide both assessment and rehabilitation. The marrying of cognitive neuropsychology to cognitive rehabilitation offers great promise for producing a principled approach to rehabilitation, tailored to the cognitive deficits in particular patients.
This book brings together a series of empirical and review papers dealing with recent attempts to apply cognitive neuropsychology to cognitive rehabilitation. The book is divided into 6 topic areas covering: Visual Object Recognition, Visual Attention, Motor Performance, Spoken Language and Phonological Skills, Written Language, and Memory. Within each topic, there is a review chapter, covering both recent advances in cognitive theory and attempts to apply this to rehabilitation, followed by empirical papers reporting on rehabilitation-related research.
There are, additionally, overview chapters covering the general implications of cognitive neuropsychological research for cognitive rehabilitation, and introductions to the chapters within each topic area. The papers present both a state-of-the-art review and an attempt to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the cognitive neuropsychological approach to cognitive rehabilitation. Papers evaluate the utility of cognitive neuropsychological analyses for both diagnosis and the design of therapy, and they also assess the use of rehabilitation research for testing theories of normal performance.
The book is essential reading for all those interested in the application of cognitive neuropsychology to cognitive rehabilitation.
Overview Chapters: M.J. Riddoch, G.W. Humphreys, Cognitive Neuropsychology and Cognitive Rehabilitation: A Marriage of Equal Partners. M. Coltheart, A. Bates, A. Castles, Cognitive Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation. Visual Object Recognition: Review Chapter: G.W. Humphreys, M.J. Riddoch, Neurological Disturbances of Vision: The Case for a Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Rehabilitation. Empirical Chapters: E. de Haan, R. Campbell, Developmental Prosopagnosia: A Functional Analysis and Implications for Remediation. G. Sartori, M. Miozzo, R. Job, Rehabilitation of Semantic Memory Impairments. Visual Attention: Review Chapter: M.J. Riddoch, G.W. Humphreys, Towards an Understanding of Unilateral Neglect. Empirical Chapters: E. Ladavas, G. Menghini, C. Umilta, On the Rehabilitation of Hemispatial Neglect. I. Robertson, The Rehabilitation of Hemi-Inattentional and Attentional Disorders: A Review and a Description of Two Randomised Control Trials. S. Lennon, Task Specific Effects in the Rehabilitation of Neglect. P. D'Erme, G. Gainotti, P. Bartolomeo, I. Robertson, Early Ipsilateral Orienting of Attention in Patients with Contralateral Neglect. Motor Performance: Review Chapter: M. Jeannerod, J. Decety, From Motor Images to Motor Programs. Empirical Chapters: Y. Kamsma, Prevention of Early Immobility in Patients with Parkinson's Disease: A Cognitive Training Strategy for Turning in Bed and Rising from a Chair. E. Pilgrim, G.W. Humphreys, Rehabilitation of a Case of Ideomotor Apraxia. Spoken Language and Phonological Skills: Review Chapter: A. Ellis, S. Franklyn, A. Crerar, Cognitive Neuropsychology and the Remediation of Disorders of Spoken Language. Empirical Chapters: C.C. Mitchum, R.S. Berndt, Verb Retrieval and Sentence Construction: Effects of Targetted Intervention. P.H.K. Seymour, F. Bunce, Application of Cognitive Models to Remediation in Cases of Developmental Dyslexia. L.S. Siegal, Phonological Processing Deficits as the Basis of Developmental Dyslexia: Implications for Remediation. R. Johnston, M. Anderson, L.G. Duncan, The Association between Reading Strategies in Poor Readers and their Visual and Phonological Segmentation Skills. Written Language: Review Chapter: K.E. Patterson, Reading, Writing and Rehabilitation: A Reckoning. Empirical Chapters: A.E. Hillis, A. Caramazza, Theories of Lexical Processing and Rehabilitation of Lexical Deficits. S. Cariomagno, A. Lavarone. A. Columbo, Cognitive Approaches to Writing Rehabilitation: From Single Case to Group Studies. R.S. Berndt, C.C. Mitchum, Approaches to the Rehabilitation of Phonological Assembly: Elaborating the Model of Non-Lexical Reading. Memory: Review Chapter: D.L. Schacter. E.L. Glisky, M.A. Butters, Domain-Specific Learning and Remediation of Memory Disorders. Empirical Chapters: A.D. Pickering, The Flexibility of Implicit Memory: An Exploration Using Discrimination Learning. A. Gade, Imagery as a Mnemonic Aid in Amnesia Patients: Effects of Amnesia Subtype and Severity.