Cold Science : Environmental Knowledge in the North American Arctic during the Cold War book cover
1st Edition

Cold Science
Environmental Knowledge in the North American Arctic during the Cold War

ISBN 9781138043961
Published March 12, 2019 by Routledge
320 Pages

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Book Description

Science during the Cold War has become a matter of lively interest within the historical research community, attracting the attention of scholars concerned with the history of science, the Cold War, and environmental history. The Arctic—recognized as a frontier of confrontation between the superpowers, and consequently central to the Cold War—has also attracted much attention. This edited collection speaks to this dual interest by providing innovative and authoritative analyses of the history of Arctic science during the Cold War.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Part 1. Introductory perspectives

1. Introduction: Cold War science in the North American Arctic

Stephen Bocking and Daniel Heidt

Part 2. Strategic science

2. Ice and the depths of the ocean: probing Greenland's Melville Bay during the Cold War

Mark Nuttall

3. Leadership, cultures, the Cold War and the establishment of Arctic scientific stations: situating the Joint Arctic Weather Stations (JAWS)

P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Daniel Heidt

4. Frontier footage: science and colonial attitudes on film in Northern Canada, 1948–1954

Matthew S. Wiseman

5. Portraying America's last frontier: Alaska in the media during the Second World War and the Cold War

Victoria Herrmann

6. Making 'Man in the Arctic': academic and military entanglements, 1944–49

Matthew Farish

Part 3. Cold War economies

7. Arctic pipelines and permafrost science: North American rivalries in the shadow of the Cold War, 1968–1982

Robert Page

8. Cold oil: linking strategic and resource science in the Canadian Arctic

Stephen Bocking

9. Icebergs in Iowa: Saudi dreams, Antarctic hydrologics and the production of Cold War environmental knowledge

Rafico Ruiz

10. Science and Indigenous knowledge in land claims settlements: negotiating the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, 1977–1978

Andrew Stuhl

Part 4. Science crossing borders

11. Knowledge base: polar explorers and the integration of science, security, and US foreign policy in Greenland, from the Great War to the Cold War

Dawn Alexandrea Berry

12. Institutions and the changing nature of Arctic research during the early Cold War

Lize-Marié van der Watt, Peder Roberts, and Julia Lajus

13. Rockets over Thule? American hegemony, ionosphere research and the politics of rockets in the wake of the 1968 Thule B-52 accident

Henrik Knudsen

14. Applied science and practical cooperation: Operation Morning Light and the recovery of Cosmos 954 in the Northwest Territories, 1978

P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Ryan Dean

15. Melting the ice curtain: indigeneity and the Alaska Siberia Medical Research Program, 1982–1988

Tess Lanzarotta

Part 5. Epilogue: global Cold War—the Antarctic and the Arctic

16. Antarctic science and the Cold War

Adrian Howkins


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Stephen Bocking is a Professor with the Trent School of the Environment at Trent University, Canada.

Daniel Heidt is the Research and Administration Manager at the Centre on Foreign Policy and Federalism, St. Jerome's University, Canada.