Colonial Education in India 1781–1945: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Colonial Education in India 1781–1945

1st Edition

Edited by Pramod K. Nayar

Routledge

2,052 pages

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Description

This 5 volume set tracks the various legal, administrative and social documentation on the progress of Indian education from 1780 to 1947. The documents not only map a cultural history of English education in India, but capture the debates in and around each of these domains through coverage of English (language, literature, pedagogy), the journey from school-to-university, and technical and vocational education. Produced by statesmen, educationists, administrators, teachers, Vice Chancellors and native national leaders, the documents testify to the complex processes through which colleges were set up, syllabi formed, the language of instruction determined, and infrastructure built. The sources vary from official Minutes to orders, petitions to pleas, speeches to opinion pieces.

The collection contributes, through the mostly unmediated documents, to our understanding of the British Empire, of the local responses to the Empire and imperial policy and of the complex negotiations within and without the administrative structures that set about establishing the college, the training institute and the teaching profession itself.

Table of Contents

Vol. 1 Commentaries, Reports, Policy Documents

Introduction

  1. Warren Hastings, ‘Minute on Madrasas, 17th April 1781’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 7-9.
  2. J. Duncan, ‘Letter, 1st January 1792’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 10-11.
  3. ‘Rules for Hindoo College, 1792’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 11-12.
  4. Charles Grant, extract from Observations on the State of Society among the Asiatic Subjects of Great Britain (1792/1797), 148-167.
  5. Holt Mackenzie, ‘Note on Public Education, 17th July 1823’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920). 57-64.
  6. ‘Letter from the Committee on Public Instruction, 18th August 1824’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 93-98.
  7. H. T. Prinsep, ‘Note on Vernacular Education, 15th February 1835’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 117-129.
  8. T. B. Macaulay, ‘Minute on English Education, 2nd February 1835’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 107-117.
  9. William Bentinck, ‘Resolution, 7th March 1835’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 130-131.
  10. H. T. Prinsep, ‘Minute on Vernacular Education, 20th May 1835’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 134-139.
  11. Letters and Debates from the Calcutta Monthly Journal, November, 1836, 271- 278, 299-308
  12. Lord Auckland, ‘Minute on Native Education, 24th November 1839’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 147-170.
  13. Charles Trevelyan, extract from On the Education of the People of India (London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1838), 36-43, 50-57, 78-91, 106-115.
  14. ‘Appendix: Extract from the Report of the Committee Appointed by the Indian Government to Inquire into the State of Medical Education’, in Charles Trevelyan, On the Education of the People of India (London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1838), 207-220.
  15. Sarah Tucker, extract from ‘Central School for Native Girls’, in South Indian Sketches. Part I 3rd ed. (London: James Nisbet, 1848), 73-84.
  16. William Adam, extracts from Report on Vernacular Education in Bengal and Behar (1835, 1836, 1838) (Calcutta: Home Secretariat Press, 1868), 1-6, 19-20, 131-132, 217-220, 258-262, 271-274, 307-309, 314-317.
  17. Extract from Report of the General Committee on Public Instruction of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal for the Year 1839-40. Calcutta: G.H. Huttman, 1841. i-iv, xxxvii, ccxxxii, clv-clix, xciv-civ, ccxxxiii-ccxxxiv
  18. Priscilla Chapman, extract from Hindoo Female Education (London: R.B. Seeley and W Burnside, 1839), 64-97.
  19. Extract from Report on Public Instruction in the North-Western Provinces, 1850-51, in J. A. Richey, Selections from Educational Records Part 2 1840-1859 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1922), 257-258.
  20. J. D. Bethune, ‘Minute, 23rd January 1851’, in J. A. Richey, Selections from Educational Records Part 2 1840-1859 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1922), 28-31.
  21. J. E. D. Bethune’s speeches at Kishnaghar, in General Report on Public Instruction in the Lower Provinces of the Bengal Presidency (Calcutta: F. Carberry, Military Orphan Press, 1852), iii-xv.
  22. Extract from General Report on Public Instruction in the Lower Provinces of the Bengal Presidency, 1844-45. Calcutta: Sanders and Cones, 1845. iii-v, xlii, xliv-xlviii, lxxi-lxxxiii.
  23. C. H. Cameron, extract from Address to Parliament on the Duties of Great Britain to India, in Respect of the Education of the Natives, and Their Official Employment (London: Spottiswoode and Shaw, 1853), 50-51, 60-64, 80-81, 101-103, 114-121, 137, 149-151, 153-155.

 

Vol. II Commentaries, Reports, Policy Documents

  1. ‘Wood’s Educational Despatch, 19 July 1854’, in J. A. Richey, Selections from Educational Records Part 2 1840-1859 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1922), 365-393.
  2. ‘Letter, 10th March 1854, from the Council of Education to the Government of Bengal’, in J. A. Richey, Selections from Educational Records Part 2 1840-1859 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1922), 119-125.
  3. Christian Education for India in the Mother Tongue: A Statement on the Formation of a Christian Vernacular Education Society (London: William Nichols, 1855), 3-41.
  4. ‘Vernacular Publications and Literacy’, in Selections from the Records of the Bengal Government (Calcutta: John Gray, General Printing Department, 1859), xix-xx.
  5. Martha Weitbrecht, extract from The Women of India and Christian Work in the Zenana (London: James Nisbet, 1875), 55-66, 110-114, 129-134.
  6. ‘The Sarah Tucker Institution, Tinnevely, South India’, Indian Female Evangelist (Jan-July 1878), 9-16.
  7. ‘Difficulties of Zenana Teaching’, Indian Female Evangelist (Oct 1878), 154-159.
  8. James Johnston, extract from Our Educational Policy in India (Edinburgh: John Maclaren and Son, 1880), 37-57.
  9. ‘Recommendations’, in Report of the Indian Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1883), 311-312, 590-602, 604-618.
  10. Extracts from Report of the Indian Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1883), 480-491, 494-517, 524-549.
  11. Extracts from Report of the Bombay Provincial Committee (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1884), 71-83, 156-162, 165-167.
  12. Extract from Papers Relating to Technical Education in India 1886-1904 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1906), 1-4, 29-34, 50-54, 83-85, 116-117, 131-133, 246-249, 251-253.
  13. William Lee-Warner, extract from The Citizen of India (London: Macmillan, 1900), 162-177.
  14. Report of the Indian Universities Commission. Simla: Government Central Printing Office, 1902. 16, 27-29, 51-52, 63-69, 81-84
  15. J. G. Covernton, extracts from Vernacular Reading Books in the Bombay Presidency (Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, 1906), 1-3, 23-26, 44-49, 80-81.
  16. Leonard Alston, extract from Education and Citizenship in India (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1910), 144-195.

 

Vol. III: Commentaries, Reports, Policy Documents

  1. H.R. James, extract from Education and Statesmanship in India (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1911), 74-91, 118-132.
  2. Indian Educational Policy, being a Resolution Issued by the Governor General in Council on the 21st February 1913 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1915), 1-47.
  3. A. H. Benton, extracts from Indian Moral Instruction and Caste Problems (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1917), 1-10, 31-32, 92-112.
  4. Extract from The Calcutta University Commission [Sadler] Report, 1919, Vol. 1, 19-30, 143-194, 318-326; Vol. 6: 2-6, 132-135, 169-171
  5. Extract form Village Education in India: The Report of a Commission of Inquiry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1920). 15-23, 66-74, 129-137.
  6. F. F. Monk, extract from A History of Stephen’s College (Delhi, Calcutta: YMCA, 1935), 3-15, 111-131, 188-199.
  7. Extract from Progress of Education in India, 1937-1947: Decennial Review. [Sargent Report] Vol. I, (Central Bureau of Education-Ministry of Education), 155-160, 165-170, 231-240, 295-308.
  8. Sister Nivedita, extract from Hints on National Education in India (Calcutta: Brahmachari Ganendranath, 1923. 3rd Ed), 6-65, 95-110.

 

 

 

Vol. IV: Indian Responses

  1. Raja Rammohan Roy, ‘Letter to Amherst, 11th December 1823’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 98-101.
  2. ‘Petition by Students of Sanscrit College to Auckland, Seeking Continuation of Funding for Sanskrit, 9th August 1836’, in H. Sharp (ed.), Selections from Educational Records Part I, 1781-1839 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1920), 145-146.
  3. K. M. Banerjea, ‘An Essay on Native Female Education’, (Calcutta: R.C. Lepage & Co., British Library, 1848), 1-123.
  4. ‘An Appeal from a Native Christian of the Punjab to the Indian Female Normal School and Instruction Society’, Indian Female Evangelist (July 1875), 289-291.
  5. Evidence of Syed Badruddin Tyabji on Muslim Education, Evidence Taken Before the Bombay Provincial Committee and Memorials Addressed to the Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1884), 497- 508
  6. Evidence Taken Before the Bombay Provincial Committee and Memorials addressed to the Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing,1881, Vol. II), 223-242, 255-259, 261-270, 302-313, 11-14 (Appendix).
  7. Jotiba Phule’s Statement to the Education Commission, Evidence Taken Before the Bombay Provincial Committee and Memorials Addressed to the Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing,1881, Vol. II), 140-145.
  8. Report by the North-Western Provinces and Oudh Provincial Committee with Evidence Taken Before the Bombay Provincial Committee and Memorials addressed to the Education Commission (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1884. 282-302, 351-353, 373-376,397-411, 412-418, 433-434, 442-443, 452-453, 462-470, 471-474, 478-479.
  9. S. Satthianadhan, extracts from History of Education in the Madras Presidency (Madras: Srinivasa Varadachari &Co., 1894), 36-38, 73-76, 109-112, 165-168, cxiii-cxxi.
  10. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, ‘Speech in the Imperial Legislative Council on the Primary Education Bill, 16th March 1911’, Speeches of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Vol. 2 (Madras: G.A. Natesan, 1916, 2nd ed.), 718-803.
  11. Appendix to the Report of the Commissioners. Vol XX: Minutes of Evidence Relating the Education Department taken at Delhi, Calcutta, Madras, Bombay and London, 1915, 46-55, 119-129, 138-143.
  12. Jadunath Sarkar, ‘The Vernacular Medium’, Modern Review 23 (1918), 2- 7.
  13. K.M. Panikkar, ‘The Educational Problems of Indian Education’, Modern Review 23 (1918). 8-17.
  14. H.V. Dugvekar (ed.), extracts from National Education (Benares: Balabodha Office, 1917), 4-10, 29-33, 62-86.

 

Vol. V: Indian Responses

1. Aurobindo Ghose, extract from A System of National Education. Madras: Tagore & Co, 1921. 1-67.

2. J. Ghosh extract from Higher Education in Bengal Under British Rule (Calcutta: The Book Company, 1926), 104-197.

3. Lokmanya Tilak ‘National Education’, in Bal Gangadhar Tilak: His Writings and Speeches (Madras: Ganesh and Co., 1922. 3rd ed), 81-88.

4. Hindustani Talimi Sangh, extract from Basic National Education (Wardha: Hindustani Talimi Sangh, 1939), ix-x, 3-5, 14-22, 25-28, 57-70, 75-76, 79-89.

5. Extract from Messages to Indian Students (An Anthology of Famous Convocation Addresses) (Allahabad: Students’ Friends, 1936), 40-80, 91-119, 120-127.

6. B. R. Ambedkar, ‘Thoughts on the Reform of Legal Education in the Bombay Presidency’, in Hari Narake et al (eds), Writings and Speeches vol. 17, part 2 (New Delhi: Dr Ambedkar Foundation, 2014), 5-18.

7. B. R. Ambedkar, ‘Memorandum of Association of The People’s Education Society, Mumbai, 8th July 1945’, in Hari Narake et al (eds), Writings and Speeches. Vol. 17, part 2 (New Delhi: Dr Ambedkar Foundation, 2014), 429-438.

8. B. R. Ambedkar, ‘On Grants for Education’, Bombay Legislative Council Debate, 1927, in Hari Narake (ed), Writings and Speeches. Vol. 2 (New Delhi: Dr Ambedkar Foundation, 2014. 2nd Ed), 39-44.

9. B. R. Ambedkar, ‘On the Bombay University Act Amendment Bill 1’, Bombay Legislative Council Debate, 1927, in Hari Narake (ed) Writings and Speeches. Vol. 2. (New Delhi: Dr Ambedkar Foundation, 2014, 2nd Ed.), 45-53.

10. B. R. Ambedkar, ‘University Reforms Committee Questionnaire – Responses by Ambedkar, 1925-26’, in Hari Narake (ed) Writings and Speeches. Vol. 2 (New Delhi: Dr Ambedkar Foundation, 2014. 2nd ed), 292-312.

 

About the Editor

Pramod K. Nayar is teaches at the Department of English, University of Hyderabad, India

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS037060
HISTORY / Modern / 19th Century