Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Combustion and Incineration Processes

Applications in Environmental Engineering, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition

By Walter R. Niessen

CRC Press

798 pages | 137 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439805039
pub: 2010-06-22
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In our "throwaway" society, with landfills filled to capacity, interest in incineration- and conversion-based waste management technologies continues to grow. Increasing net waste generation rates within U.S. metropolitan centers, skyrocketing transportation costs for waste hauling, and the enticement of increased electrical revenues from "green" power sources all amplify the need for better technologies.

Written by an internationally renowned expert with fifty years of experience, Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Fourth Edition has been updated to reflect the latest advances in the field, keeping pace with the evolution of complex and interdisciplinary technology that can better the environment. Detailing the changes that have occurred since the previous editions appeared, this volume’s expanded scope includes additional details, data, and graphics regarding the design and operational characteristics of municipal and industrial waste incineration and conversion systems and numerous refinements in associated pollution control.

The book offers a thorough overview of:

  • Design, operation, and evaluation of incineration and conversion (gasification) systems for hazardous and non-hazardous gaseous, liquid, biosolid, and solid wastes
  • The waste management facility, from contaminant receipt, materials handling, and storage to stack discharge and dispersion
  • Breakthroughs in air pollution control
  • Waste and residue characteristics
  • Advances in materials handling, waste processing, refractory and materials engineering, combustion technology, and energy recovery to reduce and control toxins and pollutants in the environment

Achievement of true Zero Waste, or the eradication of landfills, will likely require thermal processing to economically extract the ultimate useful value from waste residue after minimization, reuse, and recycling. The latest technical advances continue to evolve and attract increased attention, and this book provides the requisite technical education and guidance to those responsible for selection and procurement of these new systems.



"…well presented … a must … contains a wealth of information … has particular relevance to those dealing with environmental problems."

Environmental Engineering

Table of Contents



Units and Fundamental Relationships

Systems Analysis

Material Balances

Energy Balances


Combustion Kinetics

Selected Topics on Combustion Processes

Gaseous Combustion

Liquid Combustion

Solid Combustion

Waste Characterization


Solid Waste

Biological Wastewater Sludge

Combustion System Enclosures & Heat Recovery


Water Cooled Enclosures and Heat Recovery Systems

Heat Transfer

Slagging and Fouling

Fluid Flow Consideration in Incinerator Applications

Driven Flow

Induced Flow

Mixing and Residence Time

Materials Preparation & Handling

Solid Wastes

Other Specialized Handling Operations

Biosolids Handling

Incineration Systems for Municipal Solid Wastes

Performance Objectives

Site Design Considerations

Collection and Delivery of Refuse

Refuse Handling and Storage

Size Control and Salvage

Incinerator Feed Systems

Grates and Hearths

Incinerator Furnace Enclosures

Energy Recovery and Energy Markets

Combustion Air

Ash Removal and Handling

Flue Gas Conditioning

Environmental Pollution Control

Induced Draft Fan

Incinerator Stacks

Refuse Derived Fuel Systems

Instrumentation and Control


Other Incineration Systems

Incineration Systems for Sludge Wastes

Multiple Hearth Furnace (MHF) Systems

Fluid Bed

Slagging Combustion Systems for Biological Sludge

Incineration Systems for Liquid and Gaseous Wastes

Liquid Waste Incinerators

Incinerators for Gases (Afterburners)

Operations and Safety

Incineration Systems for Hazardous Wastes


Rotary Kiln Systems

Circulating Fluid Bed

Thermal Desorption

Plasma Technology

Conversion Technology for Solid Wastes


Gasification Technology Processes

Conversion Technology Product Streams

Conversion Technology Examples

Air Pollution Aspects of Incineration Processes

Air Pollutants from Combustion Processes

Air Toxics

Air Pollution Control for Incineration Systems

Equipment Options for Incinerator Air Pollution Control

Control Strategies for Incinerator Air Pollution Control

Approaches to Incinerator Selection and Design


System Selection for Developing Technologies

About the Author

Mr. Walter R. Niessen, the president of Niessen Consultants (Andover, Massachusetts), is an internationally recognized consultant in process analysis, design, impact assessment, planning and start-up, and operations assistance drawing on 50 years experience in applied combustion technology, air pollution control and solid, sludge, liquid, and gaseous waste management. He has prepared over 95 technical papers, contributed chapters to nine environmental engineering books, and authored the definitive text and reference Combustion and Incineration Processes. He has been involved in numerous solid waste and biosolids management planning studies and implementation projects for industry and for small jurisdictions through larger cities and regions; and in numerous international assignments in the Caribbean, Europe, Africa, and Asia. Mr. Niessen received his BS (1960) and MS (1961) in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a Board Certified Environmental Engineer in the American Academy of Environmental Engineers in both solid waste and air pollution control and member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Sigma Xi research honorary, and the Air and Waste Management Association. He is a registered professional engineer in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Among his honors, he received the Pioneer Award of ASME and the IT3 in 2008 for his lifetime educational and research efforts in incineration and waste management. He served as a Senior Vice President with Camp Dresser & McKee Inc. (CDM) from 1976 to 1997 where he still functions as a senior consultant with the firm. Prior affiliations were with the U.S. Air Force; Arthur D. Little Inc.; Bolt, Beranek & Newman; and Roy F. Weston Inc.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General