This book presents theoretical discussions and practical examples of Action Research from Scandinavia, Latin America and Africa, primarily dealing with how to combine nature conservation and management with local democratic community development, seeing the renewal of Commons as a way to transcend the present dichotomy between these two dimensions.
Editors’ Introduction: Why Sustainability and Democratisation? Hans Peter Hansen, Birger Steen Nielsen, Nadarajah Sriskandarajah and Ewa Gunnarsson Part One: Action Research and Sustainability: Practical-Conceptual Drafts Introduction to Part One Hans Peter Hansen, Birger Steen Nielsen, Nadarajah Sriskandarajah and Ewa Gunnarsson 1. Re-Inventing the Commons: How Action Research Can Support the Renewal of Sustainable Communities Laura Tolnov Clausen 2. Action Research for Emancipation: Social-Ecological Relations, Commoning and Basic Conceptual Questions Cristián Alarcón 3. Critical Utopian Action Research: The Potentials of Action Research in Democratisation of Society Birger Steen Nielsen and Kurt Aagaard Nielsen Part Two: Citizens’ Initiatives, Hopes and Difficulties: Experiences with Action Research in Scandinavia, London, Latin-America and Africa Introduction to Part Two Hans Peter Hansen, Birger Steen Nielsen, Nadarajah Sriskandarajah and Ewa Gunnarsson 4. Citizens, Values and Experts: Stakeholders and the Inveigling Factor of Participatory Democracy Hans Peter Hansen, Erica von Essen and Nadarajah Sriskandarajah 5. Bridging Divides Through Spaces of Change: Action Research for Cultivating the Commons in Human-Inhabited Protected Areas in Nicaragua and Mozambique Nadarajah Sriskandarajah, Nícia Givá and Hans Peter Hansen 6. Openings and Closures of the Environmental Planning Horizon: Participatory Experiences from Norway Mikaela Vasstrøm 7. Recovering Multiple Rationalities for Public Deliberation Within the EU Water Framework Directive Helle Nielsen, Hans Peter Hansen and Nadarajah Sriskandarajah 8. Citizens’ Initiatives for Democratic Nature Management and Community Development: Reflecting Danish Experiences Birger Steen Nielsen and Kurt Aagaard Nielsen 9. A Common Sense of Responsibility: Reflecting Experiences of Commoning Among Citizens and Scientists in London Jonas Egmose